Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Tackling root causes upstream of unhealthy urban development (TRUUD): Protocol of a five-year prevention research consortium (2022)
Journal Article
Black, D., Ayres, S., Bondy, K., Brierley, R., Campbell, R., Carhart, N., …Scally, G. (2022). Tackling root causes upstream of unhealthy urban development (TRUUD): Protocol of a five-year prevention research consortium. Wellcome Open Research, 6, 30. https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.16382.2

Poor quality urban environments substantially increase non-communicable disease. Responsibility for associated decision-making is dispersed across multiple agents and systems: fast growing urban authorities are the primary gatekeepers of new developm... Read More about Tackling root causes upstream of unhealthy urban development (TRUUD): Protocol of a five-year prevention research consortium.

Experience of living near a highway in Nepal: Community perceptions of road dangers in Makwanpur district (2022)
Journal Article
Joshi, E., Gautam, P., Khadka, A., Pilkington, P., Parkin, J., Joshi, S. K., & Mytton, J. (2022). Experience of living near a highway in Nepal: Community perceptions of road dangers in Makwanpur district. Journal of Transport and Health, 24, Article 101337. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2022.101337

Introduction: Road traffic injuries are a major but neglected global challenge. There are high and rising rates of road traffic injuries in Nepal. Most of the studies reporting these injuries in Nepal have used quantitative methods to describe the in... Read More about Experience of living near a highway in Nepal: Community perceptions of road dangers in Makwanpur district.

Completeness of police reporting of traffic crashes in Nepal: Evaluation using a community crash recording system (2022)
Journal Article
Khadka, A., Parkin, J., Pilkington, P., Joshi, S. K., & Mytton, J. (2022). Completeness of police reporting of traffic crashes in Nepal: Evaluation using a community crash recording system. Traffic Injury Prevention, 23(2), 79-84. https://doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2021.2012766

Objective: Accurate road crash reporting is essential for evaluating road safety interventions and plans. Under-reporting of road traffic crashes, injuries, and fatalities in police records has been widely described. The aim of this study was to appl... Read More about Completeness of police reporting of traffic crashes in Nepal: Evaluation using a community crash recording system.

Views of professional stakeholders on readiness for a safe road system in Nepal; an exploratory qualitative study (2021)
Journal Article
Pandey, B., Khadka, A., Joshi, E., Joshi, S. K., Parkin, J., Pilkington, P., & Mytton, J. (2022). Views of professional stakeholders on readiness for a safe road system in Nepal; an exploratory qualitative study. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 29(2), 217-225. https://doi.org/10.1080/17457300.2021.1983845

Road traffic injuries in Nepal are increasing despite being largely preventable. Little evidence exists regarding the barriers and facilitators to a safer road system. This study aimed to explore the perspectives of professionals whose jobs had the p... Read More about Views of professional stakeholders on readiness for a safe road system in Nepal; an exploratory qualitative study.

Road safety and heavy goods vehicle driving in LMICs: Qualitative evidence from Nepal (2021)
Journal Article
Khadka, A., Gautam, P., Joshi, E., Pilkington, P., Parkin, J., Joshi, S. K., & Mytton, J. (2021). Road safety and heavy goods vehicle driving in LMICs: Qualitative evidence from Nepal. Journal of Transport and Health, 23, Article 101247. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2021.101247

Background: Heavy goods vehicle drivers are an influential driving population in Nepal, with over 90% of goods in the country are transported by road. Due to the time spent on the road, drivers have long periods of exposure to the risk of crash invol... Read More about Road safety and heavy goods vehicle driving in LMICs: Qualitative evidence from Nepal.

The application of ‘elite interviewing’ methodology in transdisciplinary research: A record of process and lessons learned during a 3-year pilot in urban planetary health research (2021)
Journal Article
Scally, G., Black, D., Pilkington, P., Williams, B., Ige-Elegbede, J., & Prestwood, E. (2021). The application of ‘elite interviewing’ methodology in transdisciplinary research: A record of process and lessons learned during a 3-year pilot in urban planetary health research. Journal of Urban Health, 98(3), 404-414. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-021-00542-1

This paper sets out the rationale and process for the interviewing methodology utilized during a 3-year research pilot, ‘Moving Health Upstream in Urban Development’ (UPSTREAM). The project had two primary aims: firstly, to attempt to value economica... Read More about The application of ‘elite interviewing’ methodology in transdisciplinary research: A record of process and lessons learned during a 3-year pilot in urban planetary health research.

Overcoming systemic barriers preventing healthy urban development in the UK: Main findings from interviewing senior decision-makers during a 3-year planetary health pilot (2021)
Journal Article
Black, D., Pilkington, P., Williams, B., Ige, J., Prestwood, E., Hunt, A., …Scally, G. (2021). Overcoming systemic barriers preventing healthy urban development in the UK: Main findings from interviewing senior decision-makers during a 3-year planetary health pilot. Journal of Urban Health, 98, 415-427. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-021-00537-y

This paper sets out the main findings from two rounds of interviews with senior representatives from the UK’s urban development industry: the third and final phase of a 3-year pilot, Moving Health Upstream in Urban Development’ (UPSTREAM). The projec... Read More about Overcoming systemic barriers preventing healthy urban development in the UK: Main findings from interviewing senior decision-makers during a 3-year planetary health pilot.

Adolescent's perception of road risk on their routes to school in Makwanpur, Nepal; a qualitative study (2021)
Journal Article
Gautam, P., Mytton, J. A., Joshi, S. K., & Pilkington, P. (2021). Adolescent's perception of road risk on their routes to school in Makwanpur, Nepal; a qualitative study. Journal of Transport and Health, 20, Article 101009. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2021.101009

Background: Busy and poor road infrastructure along routes to school poses high risk of traffic injury for children and adolescents. Ensuring every young person's safe journey to and from school is fundamental to achieving reductions in road injuries... Read More about Adolescent's perception of road risk on their routes to school in Makwanpur, Nepal; a qualitative study.

Pandemics, vulnerability, and prevention: time to fundamentally reassess how we value and communicate risk?: CITIES, HEALTH and COVID-19: Initial reflections and future challenges (2020)
Journal Article
Black, D., Bates, G., Gibson, A., Hatleskog, E., Fichera, E., Hatchard, J., …Ireland, P. (2022). Pandemics, vulnerability, and prevention: time to fundamentally reassess how we value and communicate risk?: CITIES, HEALTH and COVID-19: Initial reflections and future challenges. Cities and Health, 5(sup1), https://doi.org/10.1080/23748834.2020.1811480

For over a decade, pandemics have been on the UK National Risk Register as both the likeliest and most severe of threats. Non-infectious ‘lifestyle’ diseases were already crippling our healthcare services and our economy. COVID-19 has exposed two cri... Read More about Pandemics, vulnerability, and prevention: time to fundamentally reassess how we value and communicate risk?: CITIES, HEALTH and COVID-19: Initial reflections and future challenges.

Designing healthier neighbourhoods: A systematic review of the impact of the neighbourhood design on health and wellbeing (2020)
Journal Article
Ige-Elegbede, J., Pilkington, P., Orme, J., Williams, B., Prestwood, E., Black, D., & Carmichael, L. (in press). Designing healthier neighbourhoods: A systematic review of the impact of the neighbourhood design on health and wellbeing. Cities and Health, https://doi.org/10.1080/23748834.2020.1799173

Several studies have investigated the impact of neighbourhood design on health and wellbeing, yet there are limited reviews investigating the quality of the evidence and the most effective interventions at a population level. This systematic review a... Read More about Designing healthier neighbourhoods: A systematic review of the impact of the neighbourhood design on health and wellbeing.

Exploring the views of planners and public health practitioners on integrating health evidence into spatial planning in England: A mixed-methods study (2020)
Journal Article
Lge-Elegbede, J., Pilkington, P., Bird, E., Gray, S., Mindell, J., Chang, M., …Petrokofsky, C. (2021). Exploring the views of planners and public health practitioners on integrating health evidence into spatial planning in England: A mixed-methods study. Journal of Public Health, 43(3), 664-672. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdaa055

Background: This study explored barriers and facilitators to integrating health evidence into spatial planning at local authority levels and examined the awareness and use of the Public Health England Spatial Planning for Health resource. Methods:... Read More about Exploring the views of planners and public health practitioners on integrating health evidence into spatial planning in England: A mixed-methods study.

Evaluating a workforce development programme: Bringing public health into architecture education in England (2020)
Journal Article
Marsh, R., Marco, E., Pilkington, P., & Rice, L. (2022). Evaluating a workforce development programme: Bringing public health into architecture education in England. Cities and Health, 6(2), 326-338. https://doi.org/10.1080/23748834.2020.1736738

Architects can play a key role in the wider public health workforce, in ensuring building and urban design is health promoting. However, there is no requirement to teach health by architectural accreditation bodies across Europe. To evaluate the long... Read More about Evaluating a workforce development programme: Bringing public health into architecture education in England.

Healthy buildings for a healthy city: Is the public health evidence base informing current building policies? (2020)
Journal Article
Carmichael, L., Prestwood, E., Marsh, R., Ige, J., Williams, B., Pilkington, P., …Michalec, A. (2020). Healthy buildings for a healthy city: Is the public health evidence base informing current building policies?. Science of the Total Environment, 719, Article 137146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137146

Research has demonstrated that housing quality is a key urban intervention in reducing health risks and improving climate resilience, addressing a key ambition of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Yet housing quality remains a problem... Read More about Healthy buildings for a healthy city: Is the public health evidence base informing current building policies?.

A guide to architecture for the public health workforce (2019)
Journal Article
Marsh, R., Pilkington, P., & Rice, L. (2020). A guide to architecture for the public health workforce. Public Health, 178, 120-123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.09.013

Background Public health and environmental challenges facing the world in the 21st century, including the ageing population, increasing urbanisation, rise of non-communicable diseases and climate instability, require an interdisciplinary response.... Read More about A guide to architecture for the public health workforce.

Barriers and facilitators of physical activity among adults and older adults from Black and Minority Ethnic groups in the UK: A systematic review of qualitative studies (2019)
Journal Article
Ige-Elegbede, J., Pilkington, P., Gray, S., & Powell, J. (2019). Barriers and facilitators of physical activity among adults and older adults from Black and Minority Ethnic groups in the UK: A systematic review of qualitative studies. Preventive Medicine Reports, 15, 100952. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2019.100952

Older adults from Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) groups experience a relatively higher burden of physical inactivity compared with their counterparts from non-BME groups. Despite the increasing number of qualitative studies investigating the barrier... Read More about Barriers and facilitators of physical activity among adults and older adults from Black and Minority Ethnic groups in the UK: A systematic review of qualitative studies.

Effects of city-wide 20 mph (30km/hour) speed limits on road injuries in Bristol, UK (2019)
Journal Article
Bornioli, A., Bray, I., Pilkington, P., & Parkin, J. (2020). Effects of city-wide 20 mph (30km/hour) speed limits on road injuries in Bristol, UK. Injury Prevention, 26(1), 85-88. https://doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2019-043305

Twenty miles per hour (32 km/hour) or 30 km/hour speed limits represent a potential strategy to reduce urban road injuries and are becoming increasingly widespread. However, no study has conducted a robust evaluation of the effects of city-wide 20 mp... Read More about Effects of city-wide 20 mph (30km/hour) speed limits on road injuries in Bristol, UK.

The 20mph speed limit policy in Bristol: Analysis of speed and collisions variations (2019)
Presentation / Conference
Bornioli, A., Bray, I., Pilkington, P., & Bird, E. (2019, May). The 20mph speed limit policy in Bristol: Analysis of speed and collisions variations. Paper presented at The 15th World Conference on Transport Research, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India

The 20mph speed limit policy in Bristol: Analysis of speed and collisions variations

Spatial planning and health: From evidence identification to implementation (2019)
Presentation / Conference
Bird, E., Ige, J., & Pilkington, P. (2019, March). Spatial planning and health: From evidence identification to implementation. Presented at Spatial Planning for Health Seminar, The Oval, London, England

On Thursday 14th March 2019 Paul Pilkington, Emma Bird and Janet Ige (CPHWB) attended the first annual Public Health England Spatial Planning for Health seminar at The Oval cricket ground in London. The team were invited to deliver the opening presen... Read More about Spatial planning and health: From evidence identification to implementation.

The state of the evidence: What we know, and don’t know, about the interaction of environment and health (2018)
Presentation / Conference
Ige, J., & Pilkington, P. (2018, December). The state of the evidence: What we know, and don’t know, about the interaction of environment and health. Presented at Building health into the urban environment: Evidence and opportunities, London, England

As part of the Wellcome Trust-funded UPSTREAM project, a systematic review compiled evidence investigating the impact on health and wellbeing of five thematic areas of urban development design: transport, buildings, food, natural environment, and nei... Read More about The state of the evidence: What we know, and don’t know, about the interaction of environment and health.