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Breath volatile analysis from patients diagnosed with harmful drinking, cirrhosis and hepatic encephalopathy: A pilot study (2013)
Journal Article
Ratcliffe, N. M., Costello, B. D. L., Khalid, T. Y., de Lacy Costello, B., Ewen, R., White, P., …Probert, C. S. (2013). Breath volatile analysis from patients diagnosed with harmful drinking, cirrhosis and hepatic encephalopathy: A pilot study. Metabolomics, 9(5), 938-948. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11306-013-0510-4

Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a neuropsychiatric state potentially complicating cirrhosis following the accumulation of toxic compounds that cross the blood-brain barrier and affect brain function; the compounds may undergo alveolar gas exchange and... Read More about Breath volatile analysis from patients diagnosed with harmful drinking, cirrhosis and hepatic encephalopathy: A pilot study.

An investigation of volatile organic compounds from the saliva of healthy individuals using headspace-trap/GC-MS (2013)
Journal Article
Ratcliffe, N., De Lacy Costello, B., Al-Kateb, H., de Lacy Costello, B., & Ratcliffe, N. M. (2013). An investigation of volatile organic compounds from the saliva of healthy individuals using headspace-trap/GC-MS. Journal of Breath Research, 7(3), https://doi.org/10.1088/1752-7155/7/3/036004

Analysis of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from saliva, to aid disease diagnoses, has received little attention. This work aims to address the paucity of information on saliva volatiles and includes a database of newly identified compounds whilst... Read More about An investigation of volatile organic compounds from the saliva of healthy individuals using headspace-trap/GC-MS.

The Development of Novel Fuel Dehydrating Icing Inhibitors (2013)
Journal Article
Lam, J. K., de Lacy Costello, B., Repetto, S. L., Repetto, S., Costello, J. F., de Lacy Costello, B., …Lam, J. (2013). The Development of Novel Fuel Dehydrating Icing Inhibitors. SAE International Journal of Fuels and Lubricants, 6(3), 553-563. https://doi.org/10.4271/2013-01-2169

Dissolved water is a normal component of jet fuel which is vapourised during combustion; however, free water is a contaminant that can starve engines, freeze to form ice crystals capable of blocking fuel feeds, support microbial growth, and contribut... Read More about The Development of Novel Fuel Dehydrating Icing Inhibitors.

A Pilot Study Combining a GC-Sensor Device with a Statistical Model for the Identification of Bladder Cancer from Urine Headspace (2013)
Journal Article
Ratcliffe, N., Probert, C. S., Ewen, R., Khalid, T., White, P., De Lacy Costello, B., …Ratcliffe, N. M. (2013). A Pilot Study Combining a GC-Sensor Device with a Statistical Model for the Identification of Bladder Cancer from Urine Headspace. PLoS ONE, 8(7), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069602

There is a need to reduce the number of cystoscopies on patients with haematuria. Presently there are no reliable biomarkers to screen for bladder cancer. In this paper, we evaluate a new simple in-house fabricated, GC-sensor device in the diagnosis... Read More about A Pilot Study Combining a GC-Sensor Device with a Statistical Model for the Identification of Bladder Cancer from Urine Headspace.

The importance of methane breath testing: A review (2013)
Journal Article
Ratcliffe, N. M., De Lacy Costello, B. P., de Lacy Costello, B., Ledochowski, M., & Ratcliffe, N. M. (2013). The importance of methane breath testing: A review. Journal of Breath Research, 7(2), https://doi.org/10.1088/1752-7155/7/2/024001

Sugar malabsorption in the bowel can lead to bloating, cramps, diarrhea and other symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome as well as affecting absorption of other nutrients. The hydrogen breath test is now a well established noninvasive test for assessi... Read More about The importance of methane breath testing: A review.

The use of MS for the investigation of irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease (2013)
Journal Article
Ratcliffe, N. M., de Lacy Costello, B., & Shepherd, S. (2013). The use of MS for the investigation of irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease. Clinical laboratory international, 37, 18-20

Currently, the diagnosis of bowel diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) relies on invasive and expensive procedures. Identification of biomarker-based tests to aid diagnosis is an important area of resea... Read More about The use of MS for the investigation of irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease.

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) found in urine and stool (2013)
Book Chapter
de Lacy Costello, B., & Ratcliffe, N. M. (2013). Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) found in urine and stool. In A. Amann, & D. Smith (Eds.), Volatile Biomarkers: Non-Invasive Diagnosis in Physiology and Medicine, 405-462. Elsevier

An Investigation of Fecal Volatile Organic Metabolites in Irritable Bowel Syndrome (2013)
Journal Article
Probert, C. S., de Costello, B. L., Ahmed, I., Greenwood, R., de Lacy Costello, B., Ratcliffe, N. M., & Probert, C. (2013). An Investigation of Fecal Volatile Organic Metabolites in Irritable Bowel Syndrome. PLoS ONE, 8(3), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058204

Diagnosing irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) can be a challenge; many clinicians resort to invasive investigations in order to rule out other diseases and reassure their patients. Volatile organic metabolites (VOMs) are emitted from feces; understanding... Read More about An Investigation of Fecal Volatile Organic Metabolites in Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

Volatiles from oral anaerobes confounding breath biomarker discovery (2013)
Journal Article
De Lacy Costello, B., Khalid, T. Y., Ratcliffe, N. M., Khalid, T., Saad, S., Greenman, J., …Ratcliffe, N. M. (2013). Volatiles from oral anaerobes confounding breath biomarker discovery. Journal of Breath Research, 7(1), https://doi.org/10.1088/1752-7155/7/1/017114

The levels of compounds in exhaled mouth air do not necessarily reflect levels in the systemic circulation as bacteria can bio-transform substrates to produce compounds within the mouth. This should be of concern to researchers measuring breath volat... Read More about Volatiles from oral anaerobes confounding breath biomarker discovery.

Fecal microbiome and volatile organic compound metabolome in obese humans with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (2013)
Journal Article
Probert, C. S., Raman, M., Ahmed, I., Gillevet, P. M., Probert, C., Ratcliffe, N. M., …Rioux, K. P. (2013). Fecal microbiome and volatile organic compound metabolome in obese humans with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 11(7), 868-875.e3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cgh.2013.02.015

BACKGROUND & AIMS: The histopathology of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is similar to that of alcoholic liver disease. Colonic bacteria are a source of many metabolic products, including ethanol and other volatile organic compounds (VOC) th... Read More about Fecal microbiome and volatile organic compound metabolome in obese humans with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.