Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Non contact pulmonary functional testing through an improved photometric stereo approach (2014)
Presentation / Conference
Ahmad, J., Sun, J., Smith, L., & Smith, M. (2014, July). Non contact pulmonary functional testing through an improved photometric stereo approach. Paper presented at Medical Image Understanding and Analysis 2014

A non-contact computer vision based system is developed for Pulmonary Functional Testing. The unique and novel features of the system are that it views the patients from both front and back and creates a 3D structure of the whole torso. By observing... Read More about Non contact pulmonary functional testing through an improved photometric stereo approach.

A novel photometric stereo imaging sensor for endoscopy imaging: Proof of concept studies on a porcine model (2014)
Journal Article
Poullis, A., Groves, C., Slabaugh, G., Emrith, K., & Smith, M. (2014). A novel photometric stereo imaging sensor for endoscopy imaging: Proof of concept studies on a porcine model. Gut, 63(S1), A46-A47. https://doi.org/10.1136/gutjnl-2014-307263.96

The American Society of Gastroenterology Endoscopy led Preservation and Incorporation of Valuable Endoscopy Innovations initiative has identified real time poly diagnosis as one of the next major technology driven changes in endoscopy (1). A number o... Read More about A novel photometric stereo imaging sensor for endoscopy imaging: Proof of concept studies on a porcine model.

Paper type classification based on a new 3D surface texture measure (2014)
Journal Article
Simske, S., Smith, M., Adams, G., Pollard, S., Emrith, K., Malekmohamadi, H., …Simske, S. (2014). Paper type classification based on a new 3D surface texture measure. Electronics Letters, 50(8), 596-598. https://doi.org/10.1049/el.2013.2687

A novel three-dimensional (3D) surface texture measure (3DSTM) is presented based on the micro-geometry of paper surfaces to classify different paper substrates. This is useful to automatically determine whether a document is printed on the correct p... Read More about Paper type classification based on a new 3D surface texture measure.

Using nasal curves matching for expression robust 3D nose recognition (2013)
Presentation / Conference
Emambakhsh, M., Evans, A., & Smith, M. (2013, September). Using nasal curves matching for expression robust 3D nose recognition. Paper presented at IEEE Conference on Biometrics: Theory, Applications and Systems (BTAS2013)

The development of 3D face recognition algorithms that are robust to variations in expression has been a challenge for researchers over the past decade. One approach to this problem is to utilize the most stable parts on the face surface. The nasa... Read More about Using nasal curves matching for expression robust 3D nose recognition.

BRDF estimation for faces from a sparse dataset using a neural network (2013)
Presentation / Conference
Hansen, M. F., Atkinson, G., & Smith, M. (2013, August). BRDF estimation for faces from a sparse dataset using a neural network. Paper presented at Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns, CAIP 2013

We present a novel �ve source near-infrared photometric stereo 3D face capture device. The accuracy of the system is demonstrated by a comparison with ground truth from a commercial 3D scanner. We also use the data from the �ve captured images to mo... Read More about BRDF estimation for faces from a sparse dataset using a neural network.

Face recognition and verification using photometric stereo: The photoface database and a comprehensive evaluation (2013)
Journal Article
Smith, L. N., Smith, M. L., Hansen, M. F., Atkinson, G. A., Zafeiriou, S., Atkinson, G., …Smith, L. (2013). Face recognition and verification using photometric stereo: The photoface database and a comprehensive evaluation. IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, 8(1), 121-135. https://doi.org/10.1109/TIFS.2012.2224109

This paper presents a new database suitable for both 2-D and 3-D face recognition based on photometric stereo (PS): the Photoface database. The database was collected using a custom-made four-source PS device designed to enable data capture with mini... Read More about Face recognition and verification using photometric stereo: The photoface database and a comprehensive evaluation.

Recovering skin reflectance and geometry for diagnosis of melanoma (2013)
Book Chapter
Sun, J., Liu, Z., Ding, Y., & Smith, M. (2013). Recovering skin reflectance and geometry for diagnosis of melanoma. In J. Scharcanski, & E. Celebi (Eds.), Computer Vision Techniques for the Diagnosis of Skin Cancer, 243-265. Springer

In order to achieve an early detection of skin cancers, various state-of-the-art imaging modalities have been investigated from optical, impedance, biomechanical and physiological perspectives to find out the potential biomarkers. However multilayere... Read More about Recovering skin reflectance and geometry for diagnosis of melanoma.

Incorporating clinical metadata with digital image features for automated identification of cutaneous melanoma (2013)
Journal Article
Liu, Z., Sun, J., Smith, M., & Smith, L. (2013). Incorporating clinical metadata with digital image features for automated identification of cutaneous melanoma. British Journal of Dermatology,

Abstract Background Computer-assisted diagnosis (CAD) of malignant melanoma (MM) has been advocated to help clinicians in achieving a more objective and reliable assessment. However, conventional CAD systems only examine the features extracted from... Read More about Incorporating clinical metadata with digital image features for automated identification of cutaneous melanoma.

In vivo measurement of skin microrelief using photometric stereo in the presence of interreflections (2013)
Journal Article
Sohaib, A., Farooq, A., Atkinson, G., Smith, L., Smith, M., & Warr, R. (2013). In vivo measurement of skin microrelief using photometric
stereo in the presence of interreflections. Journal of the Optical Society of America A,

This paper proposes and describes an implementation of a novel photometric stereo based technique for in vivo assessment of three-dimensional (3D) skin topography in the presence of interreflections. The proposed method illuminates skin with red, gr... Read More about In vivo measurement of skin microrelief using photometric stereo in the presence of interreflections.

Real-time recovery of moving 3D faces for emerging applications (2013)
Journal Article
Molleda, J., Smith, M. L., Smith, L. N., Broadbent, L., Emrith, K., Emrith, K., …Molleda, J. (2013). Real-time recovery of moving 3D faces for emerging applications. Computers in Industry, 64(9), 1390-1398. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compind.2013.03.011

Existing face imaging systems are not suitable to meet the face representation and recognition demands for emerging applications in areas such as interactive gaming, enhanced learning environments and directed advertising. This is mainly due to the p... Read More about Real-time recovery of moving 3D faces for emerging applications.

Robust 3D face capture using example-based photometric stereo (2013)
Journal Article
Smith, M. L., Atkinson, G. A., Leitão, H. C., Saracchini, R. F., Saracchini, R., Stolfi, J., …Smith, M. (2013). Robust 3D face capture using example-based photometric stereo. Computers in Industry, 64(9), 1399-1410. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compind.2013.04.003

We show that using example-based photometric stereo, it is possible to achieve realistic reconstructions of the human face. The method can handle non-Lambertian reflectance and attached shadows after a simple calibration step. We use spherical harmon... Read More about Robust 3D face capture using example-based photometric stereo.

Multidimensional imaging for skin tissue surface characterization (2013)
Journal Article
Sun, J., & Smith, M. (2013). Multidimensional imaging for skin tissue surface characterization. Computers in Industry, 64(9), 1383-1389. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compind.2013.06.004

Human skin, the outer and largest organ covering our body, can be described in terms of both its 3D spatial topography and its 2D spectral reflectance. Such a characterization normally requires the application of separate procedures using different k... Read More about Multidimensional imaging for skin tissue surface characterization.

Dynamic deflectometry: A novel approach for the on-line reconstruction of specular freeform surfaces (2012)
Journal Article
Smith, L. N., Smith, M. L., Atkinson, G. A., Wedowski, R. D., Atkinson, G., Smith, M., & Smith, L. (2012). Dynamic deflectometry: A novel approach for the on-line reconstruction of specular freeform surfaces. Optics and Lasers in Engineering, 50(12), 1765-1778. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optlaseng.2012.07.003

The dynamic inspection and reverse engineering of specular freeform surfaces is a challenge so far largely unsolved. Products produced in high quantities in industrial environments are still inspected manually which is labour intensive, expensive, mo... Read More about Dynamic deflectometry: A novel approach for the on-line reconstruction of specular freeform surfaces.

Combinatorial photometric stereo and its application in 3D modeling of melanoma (2012)
Journal Article
Smith, M. L., Zhou, Y., Smith, M., Smith, L., & Warr, R. (2012). Combinatorial photometric stereo and its application in 3D modeling of melanoma. Machine Vision and Applications, 23(5), 1029-1045. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00138-011-0356-6

This article concerns a new type of photometric stereo algorithm for which outliers such as highlights and shadows, including attached and cast shadow, are mixed with Lambertian data. The underlying motivation behind this algorithm is very simple: an... Read More about Combinatorial photometric stereo and its application in 3D modeling of melanoma.

Innovative machine vision technique for 2D/3D complex and irregular surfaces modelling (2012)
Journal Article
complex and irregular surfaces modelling. International Journal of Computer Science Issues, 9(5), 113-121

Abstract—This study propose and demonstrates a novel technique incorporating multilayer perceptron (MLP) neural networks for feature extraction with Photometric stereo based image capture techniques for the analysis of complex and irregular 2D profil... Read More about Innovative machine vision technique for 2D/3D complex and irregular surfaces modelling.

A robust multi-scale integration method to obtain the depth from gradient maps (2012)
Journal Article
Smith, M. L., Atkinson, G. A., Leitão, H. C., Saracchini, R. F., Saracchini, R., Stolfi, J., …Smith, M. (2012). A robust multi-scale integration method to obtain the depth from gradient maps. Computer Vision and Image Understanding, 116(8), 882-895. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cviu.2012.03.006

We describe a robust method for the recovery of the depth map (or height map) from a gradient map (or normal map) of a scene, such as would be obtained by photometric stereo or interferometry. Our method allows for uncertain or missing samples, which... Read More about A robust multi-scale integration method to obtain the depth from gradient maps.

Branch cutting algorithm for unwrapping photoelastic phase map with isotropic point (2012)
Journal Article
Lao, F. Y., Liang, H. R., Huang, M. J., Zhang, Y. T., Wedowski, R., Atkinson, G., …Smith, L. (2012). Branch cutting algorithm for unwrapping photoelastic phase map with isotropic point. Optics and Lasers in Engineering, 50(5), 619-631. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optlaseng.2011.10.013

A branch cutting algorithm is proposed to solve the wrapped isoclinic causing isochromatic discontinuity and thus to decouple the isoclinicisochromatic interaction of photoelastic phase maps. Rather than pixel by pixel, the branch-cutting isoclinic w... Read More about Branch cutting algorithm for unwrapping photoelastic phase map with isotropic point.

Distribution quantification on dermoscopy images for computer-Assisted diagnosis of cutaneous melanomas (2012)
Journal Article
Liu, Z., Sun, J., Smith, L., Smith, M., & Warr, R. (2012). Distribution quantification on dermoscopy images for computer-Assisted diagnosis of cutaneous melanomas. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, 50(5), 503-513. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11517-012-0895-7

Computerised analysis on skin lesion images has been reported to be helpful in achieving objective and reproducible diagnosis of melanoma. In particular, asymmetry in shape, colour and structure reflects the irregular growth of melanin under the skin... Read More about Distribution quantification on dermoscopy images for computer-Assisted diagnosis of cutaneous melanomas.

Unsupervised sub-segmentation for pigmented skin lesions (2012)
Journal Article
Liu, Z., Sun, J., Smith, M., Smith, L., & Warr, R. (2012). Unsupervised sub-segmentation for pigmented skin lesions. Skin Research and Technology, 18(1), 77-87. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0846.2011.00534.x

Background: Early identification of malignant melanoma with the surgical removal of thin lesions is the most effective treatment for skin cancers. A computer-aided diagnostic system assists to improve the diagnostic accuracy, where segmenting lesion... Read More about Unsupervised sub-segmentation for pigmented skin lesions.

Face recognition in 2D and 2.5D using ridgelets and photometric stereo (2012)
Journal Article
Smith, M. L., Atkinson, G. A., Kautkar, S. N., Kautkar, S., Atkinson, G., & Smith, M. (2012). Face recognition in 2D and 2.5D using ridgelets and photometric stereo. Pattern Recognition, 45(9), 3317-3327. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.patcog.2012.03.007

A new technique for face recognition - Ridgefaces - is presented. The method combines the well-known Fisherface method with the ridgelet transform and high-speed Photometric Stereo (PS). The paper first derives ridgelet projections for 2D/2.5D face i... Read More about Face recognition in 2D and 2.5D using ridgelets and photometric stereo.