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Technology and risk considerations in shaping future drone legislation (2021)
Journal Article
Wright, S., & Studley, M. (2021). Technology and risk considerations in shaping future drone legislation. International Journal of Technology, Policy and Management, 21(2), 128-139. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJTPM.2021.116513

The global aviation industry has decades-old and highly successful legislation enforcing safety in conventional manned aerospace. This framework has been evolved gradually around a set of mature technologies with particular goals and implementations,... Read More about Technology and risk considerations in shaping future drone legislation.

Onshoring through automation; Perpetuating inequality? (2021)
Journal Article
Studley, M. (2021). Onshoring through automation; Perpetuating inequality?. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 8, https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2021.634297

Many analyses of the ethical, legal and societal impacts of robotics are focussed on Europe and the United States. In this article I discuss the impacts of robotics on developing nations in a connected world, and make the case that international equi... Read More about Onshoring through automation; Perpetuating inequality?.

Pulsed thermography digital motion stabilization for the unmanned vehicle inspection of solar farms and GFRP wind blades through UAVs and UGVs (2021)
Conference Proceeding
Urtasun, B., López de Uralde, P., Velar, K., Gorostegui, E., Neelov, J., Wright, S., …Basiri, M. (2021). Pulsed thermography digital motion stabilization for the unmanned vehicle inspection of solar farms and GFRP wind blades through UAVs and UGVs. In J. N. Zalameda, & A. Mendioroz (Eds.), https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2585902

The quality control of structures and fuselages in both the wind-turbine and solar sectors is a fundamental part that allows a lifetime assessment of their elements, from its initial assembly to the recurring inspection cycles. Automating the active... Read More about Pulsed thermography digital motion stabilization for the unmanned vehicle inspection of solar farms and GFRP wind blades through UAVs and UGVs.

Twin delayed hierarchical actor-critic (2021)
Conference Proceeding
Anca, M., & Studley, M. (2021). Twin delayed hierarchical actor-critic. In 2021 7th International Conference on Automation, Robotics and Applications (ICARA) (221-225). https://doi.org/10.1109/icara51699.2021.9376459

Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning (HRL) addresses the common problem in sparse rewards environments of having to manually craft a reward function. We present a modified version of the Hierarchical Actor-Critic (HAC) architecture called Twin Delayed... Read More about Twin delayed hierarchical actor-critic.

ShearTouch - Towards a wearable tactile feedback device to provide continuous shear force sensation in real time (2020)
Conference Proceeding
Wells, O., Pipe, T., Dogramadzi, S., & Studley, M. (2020). ShearTouch - Towards a wearable tactile feedback device to provide continuous shear force sensation in real time. In Towards Autonomous Robotic Systems (287-298). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-63486-5_30

Force feedback in current teleoperation systems typically only provides haptic/kinaesthetic feedback to operators in the form of normal forces. However, it is proposed in this paper that the introduction of shear (or lateral) force feedback to operat... Read More about ShearTouch - Towards a wearable tactile feedback device to provide continuous shear force sensation in real time.

Robots in Smart Cities (2020)
Book Chapter
Studley, M. E., & Little, H. (2021). Robots in Smart Cities. In How Smart is Your City? (75-88). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-56926-6_7

Robots and Smart Cities seem like natural partners. They both gather data and process it, and could provide added value to each other in a variety of ways. In this chapter, we briefly explore some potential use cases featuring the smart city as an in... Read More about Robots in Smart Cities.

Usability study of a robot companion for monitoring industrial processes (2020)
Conference Proceeding
Sita, E., Thomessen, T., Pipe, A. G., Studley, M., & Dailami, F. (2020). Usability study of a robot companion for monitoring industrial processes. In 2020 5th Asia-Pacific Conference on Intelligent Robot Systems (ACIRS). , (37-42). https://doi.org/10.1109/acirs49895.2020.9162607

In this paper we present the findings of a usability study for a monitoring robotic unit tele-operated via a virtual fixtures (VF) based control framework. The study aims at investigating the impact of VF on the robot navigation as well as the impact... Read More about Usability study of a robot companion for monitoring industrial processes.

The impact of affective verbal expressions in social robots (2020)
Conference Proceeding
van Maris, A., Sutherland, A., Mazel, A., Dogramadzi, S., Zook, N., Studley, M., …Caleb-Solly, P. (2020). The impact of affective verbal expressions in social robots. https://doi.org/10.1145/3371382.3378358

This research investigates whether there is an ethical concern in robots misrepresenting their internal state through speech. Participants were asked to discuss their food preferences with a robot, where the robot would either respond through facts o... Read More about The impact of affective verbal expressions in social robots.

Speech related accessibility issues in social robots (2020)
Conference Proceeding
van Maris, A., Dogramadzi, S., Zook, N., Studley, M., Winfield, A., & Caleb-Solly, P. (2020). Speech related accessibility issues in social robots. In HRI '20: ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction. , (505-507). https://doi.org/10.1145/3371382.3378379

This work describes an incidental finding from a longitudinal Human-Robot Interaction study that was investigating whether a robot showing emotions during interactions with older adults was perceived differently than to a robot that did not display e... Read More about Speech related accessibility issues in social robots.

Designing ethical social robots - A longitudinal field study with older adults (2020)
Journal Article
van Maris, A., Zook, N., Caleb-Solly, P., Studley, M., Winfield, A., & Dogramadzi, S. (2020). Designing ethical social robots - A longitudinal field study with older adults. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 7(1), https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2020.00001

Emotional deception and emotional attachment are regarded as ethical concerns in human robot interaction. Considering these concerns is essential, particularly as little is known about longitudinal effects of interactions with social robots. We ran a... Read More about Designing ethical social robots - A longitudinal field study with older adults.

Onboard Evolution of Understandable Swarm Behaviors (2019)
Journal Article
Jones, S., Winfield, A. F., Hauert, S., & Studley, M. (2019). Onboard Evolution of Understandable Swarm Behaviors. Advanced Science, 1(6), https://doi.org/10.1002/aisy.201900031

Designing the individual robot rules that give rise to desired emergent swarm behaviors is difficult. The common method of running evolutionary algorithms off‐line to automatically discover controllers in simulation suffers from two disadvantages: th... Read More about Onboard Evolution of Understandable Swarm Behaviors.

The need for ethical principles and guidelines in social robots (2019)
Conference Proceeding
Van Maris, A., Zook, N., Studley, M., & Dogramadzi, S. (2019). The need for ethical principles and guidelines in social robots. In Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Robot Ethics and Standardshttps://doi.org/10.13180/icres.2019.29-30.07.006

This paper stresses the importance of establishing ethical principles regarding possible (psychological) effects of interactions with (social) robots. It highlights existing principles and standards regarding artificial intelligence systems and robot... Read More about The need for ethical principles and guidelines in social robots.

Robot companion for industrial process monitoring based on virtual fixtures (2018)
Conference Proceeding
Sita, E., Thomessen, T., Pipe, A. G., Dailami, F., & Studley, M. (2018). Robot companion for industrial process monitoring based on virtual fixtures. https://doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2018.8591105

© 2018 IEEE. In this paper, the use of a monitoring companion is proposed to more efficiently collect the process information during the tuning of industrial systems, and therefore to assist the system integrator in the optimization process for compl... Read More about Robot companion for industrial process monitoring based on virtual fixtures.

Ethical considerations of (contextually) affective robot behaviour (2018)
Conference Proceeding
Van Maris, A., Zook, N., Caleb-Solly, P., Studley, M., Winfield, A., & Dogramadzi, S. (2018). Ethical considerations of (contextually) affective robot behaviour. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Robot Ethics and Standardshttps://doi.org/10.13180/icres.2018.20-21.08.002

The use of social robots can bring many benefits, but raises ethical concerns as well. One of these concerns, emotional deception, was investigated in this research. First, affective robot behaviour is validated, followed by a user study to investiga... Read More about Ethical considerations of (contextually) affective robot behaviour.

Sea of possibilities: Old and new uses of remote sensing data for the enforcement of the Ascension Island marine protected area (2018)
Journal Article
Appleby, T., Studley, M., Moorhouse, B., Brown, J., Staddon, C., & Bean, E. (2021). Sea of possibilities: Old and new uses of remote sensing data for the enforcement of the Ascension Island marine protected area. Marine Policy, 127, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2018.06.012

Very large marine protected areas are in danger of becoming 'paper parks'. This paper uses an interdisciplinary team to investigate the use of remote sensing technologies to provide sufficient evidence for effective fisheries management. It uses the... Read More about Sea of possibilities: Old and new uses of remote sensing data for the enforcement of the Ascension Island marine protected area.

A two teraflop swarm (2018)
Journal Article
Jones, S., Studley, M., Hauert, S., & Winfield, A. F. (2018). A two teraflop swarm. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 5(FEB), https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2018.00011

© 2018 Jones, Studley, Hauert and Winfield. We introduce the Xpuck swarm, a research platform with an aggregate raw processing power in excess of two teraflops. The swarm uses 16 e-puck robots augmented with custom hardware that uses the substantial... Read More about A two teraflop swarm.

Towards multimodal interactions: Robot jogging in mixed reality (2017)
Conference Proceeding
Sita, E., Studley, M., Dailami, F., Pipe, A. G., & Thomessen, T. (2017). Towards multimodal interactions: Robot jogging in mixed reality. In Proceedings of the 23rd ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology - VRST '17, (1-2). https://doi.org/10.1145/3139131.3141200

© 2017 Copyright held by the owner/author(s). The recent progress made in the field of Augmented Reality/Mixed Reality (AR/MR) has opened new possibilities and approaches to research areas that can benefit from 3D visualization of digital content in... Read More about Towards multimodal interactions: Robot jogging in mixed reality.

Could a Robot Care? It’s All in the Movement (2017)
Book Chapter
Meacham, D., & Studley, M. (2017). Could a Robot Care? It’s All in the Movement. In P. Lin, K. Abney, & R. Jenkins (Eds.), In Robot Ethics 2.0: From Autonomous Cars to Artificial Intelligence. Oxford University Press (OUP). https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780190652951.003.0007

In this chapter, we ask if care robots can care. The standard and indeed intuitive response to such a question is no. This response is premised on the argument that care requires internal cognitive and emotional states that robots lack. We explore ar... Read More about Could a Robot Care? It’s All in the Movement.

Il y a du soin dans l’air: Robots soignants et environnements de soin (2015)
Journal Article
Meacham, D. E., & Studley, M. (2015). Il y a du soin dans l’air: Robots soignants et environnements de soin. https://doi.org/10.3917/mult.058.0173

In this article we examine the possible challenges facing the use of the concept of « care » or « taking care », when the carer is an autonomous robot, what we call an « artificial medical care agent ». In other words, we ask if robots can care. Agai... Read More about Il y a du soin dans l’air: Robots soignants et environnements de soin.