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A comparison of European eel Anguilla anguilla eDNA concentrations to fyke net catches in five Irish lakes. (2020)
Journal Article
Weldon, L., O'Leary, C., Steer, M., Newton, L., Macdonald, H., & Sargeant, S. (in press). A comparison of European eel Anguilla anguilla eDNA concentrations to fyke net catches in five Irish lakes. Environmental DNA, https://doi.org/10.1002/edn3.91

The European eel, Anguilla anguilla, is classified as critically endangered by the IUCN. To protect what remains of the European eel population, accurate monitoring methods for this species are important. Environmental DNA (eDNA) techniques are gaini... Read More about A comparison of European eel Anguilla anguilla eDNA concentrations to fyke net catches in five Irish lakes..

The use of storm fragments and biodegradable replanting methods allows for a low-impact habitat restoration method of seagrass meadows, in the eastern Aegean Sea (2020)
Journal Article
Ward, E., Meek, S., Gordon, D., Cameron, T., Steer, M., Smith, D., …Tsimpidis, T. (2020). The use of storm fragments and biodegradable replanting methods allows for a low-impact habitat restoration method of seagrass meadows, in the eastern Aegean Sea. Conservation Evidence, 17, 1-16

Seagrasses are important marine ecosystems but are vulnerable to physical damage from anthropogenic activities such as anchoring and trawling. Replanting damaged areas can represent a viable restoration strategy, yet current methods rely on the remov... Read More about The use of storm fragments and biodegradable replanting methods allows for a low-impact habitat restoration method of seagrass meadows, in the eastern Aegean Sea.

Lemurs in Cacao: Presence and Abundance within the Shade Plantations of Northern Madagascar (2019)
Journal Article
Webber, A. D., Solofondranohatra, J. S., Razafindramoana, S., Fernandez, D., Parker, C. A., Steer, M., …Allainguillaume, J. (in press). Lemurs in Cacao: Presence and Abundance within the Shade Plantations of Northern Madagascar. Folia Primatologica, 91(2), 96-107. https://doi.org/10.1159/000501987

© 2019 S. Karger AG, Basel. The recognition that much biodiversity exists outside protected areas is driving research to understand how animals survive in anthropogenic landscapes. In Madagascar, cacao (Theobroma cacao) is grown under a mix of native... Read More about Lemurs in Cacao: Presence and Abundance within the Shade Plantations of Northern Madagascar.

A first confirmed record of the Indian Crested Porcupine Hystrix indica (Mammalia: Rodentia: Hystricidae) in the United Arab Emirates (2018)
Journal Article
Chreiki, M. K., Steer, M. D., Majeed, S. U., Kakembo, S., & Ross, S. (2018). A first confirmed record of the Indian Crested Porcupine Hystrix indica (Mammalia: Rodentia: Hystricidae) in the United Arab Emirates. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10(7), 11928-11933. https://doi.org/10.1160...t.4093.10.7.11928-11933

We report the first records of the Indian Crested Porcupine (Hystrix indica; Kerr, 1792) in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), approximately 600km beyond its known range in Arabia. Images of H. indica were taken by camera traps at two locations in Wadi... Read More about A first confirmed record of the Indian Crested Porcupine Hystrix indica (Mammalia: Rodentia: Hystricidae) in the United Arab Emirates.

Understanding local differences in small-scale fisheries: A comparison of two fishing settlements in Antsiranana Bay, Northern Madagascar (2011)
Journal Article
Narozanski, A. J., Belle, E. M., & Steer, M. D. (2011). Understanding local differences in small-scale fisheries: A comparison of two fishing settlements in Antsiranana Bay, Northern Madagascar. Madagascar conservation and development, 6(2), 68-77. https://doi.org/10.4314/mcd.v6i2.5

The small - scale fishery in Antsiranana Bay, northern Madagascar, constitutes a very active industry with fishers using multiple methods based on traditional techniques. In this first study of the fishing activities in Antsiranana Bay, two villages... Read More about Understanding local differences in small-scale fisheries: A comparison of two fishing settlements in Antsiranana Bay, Northern Madagascar.

The alcyonacea (soft corals and sea fans) of Antsiranana Bay, northern Madagascar (2011)
Journal Article
Evans, A., Steer, M., & Belle, E. (2011). The alcyonacea (soft corals and sea fans) of Antsiranana Bay, northern Madagascar. Madagascar conservation and development, 6(1), 29-36

During the past two decades, the Alcyonacea (soft corals and sea fans) of the western Indian Ocean have been the subject of numerous studies investigating their ecology and distribution. Comparatively, Madagascar remains understudied. This article pr... Read More about The alcyonacea (soft corals and sea fans) of Antsiranana Bay, northern Madagascar.

Herpetological surveys of forest fragments between Montagne d’Ambre National Park and Ankarana Special Reserve, Northern Madagascar (2011)
Journal Article
Reserve, Northern Madagascar. Herpetological conservation and biology, 6(1), 114-126

Despite Madagascar being well known for its unique biodiversity and high levels of endemism, its herpetofauna remains understudied, especially outside protected areas. Here, we surveyed the herpetofauna within the fragmented dry deciduous forests of... Read More about Herpetological surveys of forest fragments between Montagne d’Ambre National Park and Ankarana Special Reserve, Northern Madagascar.

The first earthworm collections from Nicaragua with description of two new species (Oligochaeta) (2011)
Journal Article
Sherlock, E., Lee, S., McPhee, S., Steer, M., Maes, J., & Csuzdi, C. (2011). The first earthworm collections from Nicaragua with description of two new species (Oligochaeta). Zootaxa, 2732, 49-58

In August 2009 the Natural History Museum London, Hungarian Natural History Museum and Systematic Zoology Research group, Entomological Museum in Leon and The Society for Environmental Exploration, mounted the first earthworm collection expedition to... Read More about The first earthworm collections from Nicaragua with description of two new species (Oligochaeta).

Evidence for local declines in Tanzania's puku antelope (Kobus vardoni Livingstone, 1857) population between 1999 and 2003 (2010)
Journal Article
Lamontagne-Godwin, J., Bonnington, C., Steer, M. D., Lamontagne- Godwin, J., Owen, N., & Grainger, M. (2010). Evidence for local declines in Tanzania's puku antelope (Kobus vardoni Livingstone, 1857) population between 1999 and 2003. African Journal of Ecology, 48(4), 1139-1142. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.2010.01224.x

Introduction The Kilombero Valley in Tanzania holds c. 75% of the world’s puku antelope (Kobus vardoni), which is an estimated 50,000–60,000 individuals (East, 1998; Jenkins, Maliti & Corti, 2003). Globally, survival of this species is closely rela... Read More about Evidence for local declines in Tanzania's puku antelope (Kobus vardoni Livingstone, 1857) population between 1999 and 2003.

Do we expect natural selection to produce rational behaviour? (2007)
Journal Article
Houston, A. I., McNamara, J. M., & Steer, M. D. (2007). Do we expect natural selection to produce rational behaviour?. Philosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences, 362(1485), 1531-1543. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2007.2051

We expect that natural selection should result in behavioural rules which perform well; however, animals (including humans) sometimes make bad decisions. Researchers account for these with a variety of explanations; we concentrate on two of them. One... Read More about Do we expect natural selection to produce rational behaviour?.

Violations of transitivity under fitness maximization (2007)
Journal Article
Houston, A. I., McNamara, J. M., & Steer, M. D. (2007). Violations of transitivity under fitness maximization. Biology Letters, 3(4), 365-367. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2007.0111

We present a novel demonstration that violations of transitive choice can result from decision strategies that maximize fitness. Our results depend on how the available options, including options not currently chosen, influence a decision-maker's exp... Read More about Violations of transitivity under fitness maximization.

The reversibility of constraints on size and fecundity in the parasitic nematode Strongyloides ratti (2006)
Journal Article
Steer, M. D., Viney, M. E., Steer, M. D., & Wilkes, C. P. (2006). The reversibility of constraints on size and fecundity in the parasitic nematode Strongyloides ratti. Parasitology, 133(4), 477-483. https://doi.org/10.1017/S003118200600062X

The size and fecundity of parasitic nematodes are constrained by the host immune response. For the parasitic nematode of rats, Strongyloides ratti, parasitic females infecting immunized rats are smaller and less fecu1nd than those infecting naïve rat... Read More about The reversibility of constraints on size and fecundity in the parasitic nematode Strongyloides ratti.

Irrationality, suboptimality, and the evolutionary context (2003)
Journal Article
Cuthill, I., Steer, M., & Cuthill, I. C. (2003). Irrationality, suboptimality, and the evolutionary context. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 26(2), 176-177. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X03460056

We propose that a direct analogy can be made between optimal behaviour in animals and rational behaviour in humans, and that lessons learned by the study of the former can be applied to the latter. Furthermore, we suggest that, to understand human de... Read More about Irrationality, suboptimality, and the evolutionary context.


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