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Electroosmotically generated disinfectant from urine as a by-product of electricity in microbial fuel cell for the inactivation of pathogenic species (2020)
Journal Article
Gajda, I., Obata, O., Greenman, J., & Ieropoulos, I. A. (2020). Electroosmotically generated disinfectant from urine as a by-product of electricity in microbial fuel cell for the inactivation of pathogenic species. Scientific Reports, 10(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-60626-x

This work presents a small scale and low cost ceramic based microbial fuel cell, utilising human urine into electricity, while producing clean catholyte into an initially empty cathode chamber through the process of electro-osmostic drag. It is the f... Read More about Electroosmotically generated disinfectant from urine as a by-product of electricity in microbial fuel cell for the inactivation of pathogenic species.

Microbial fuel cell stack performance enhancement through carbon veil anode modification with activated carbon powder (2020)
Journal Article
Gajda, I., Greenman, J., & Ieropoulos, I. (2020). Microbial fuel cell stack performance enhancement through carbon veil anode modification with activated carbon powder. Applied Energy, 262, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.114475

The chemical energy contained in urine can be efficiently extracted into direct electricity by Microbial Fuel Cell stacks to reach usable power levels for practical implementation and a decentralised power source in remote locations. Herein, a novel... Read More about Microbial fuel cell stack performance enhancement through carbon veil anode modification with activated carbon powder.

Long-term bio-power of ceramic microbial fuel cells in individual and stacked configurations (2020)
Journal Article
Gajda, I., Obata, O., Jose Salar-Garcia, M., Greenman, J., & Ieropoulos, I. A. (2020). Long-term bio-power of ceramic microbial fuel cells in individual and stacked configurations. Bioelectrochemistry, 133, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bioelechem.2020.107459

© 2020 The Authors In order to improve the potential of Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) as an applicable technology, the main challenge is to engineer practical systems for bioenergy production at larger scales and to test how the prototypes withstand th... Read More about Long-term bio-power of ceramic microbial fuel cells in individual and stacked configurations.

Long Term Feasibility Study of In-field Floating Microbial Fuel Cells for Monitoring Anoxic Wastewater and Energy Harvesting (2019)
Journal Article
Cristiani, P., Gajda, I., Greenman, J., Pizza, F., Bonelli, P., & Ieropoulos, I. (2019). Long Term Feasibility Study of In-field Floating Microbial Fuel Cells for Monitoring Anoxic Wastewater and Energy Harvesting. Frontiers in Energy Research, 7, https://doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2019.00119

© Copyright © 2019 Cristiani, Gajda, Greenman, Pizza, Bonelli and Ieropoulos. In the present work different prototypes of floating MFCs have been tested in anoxic water environments of wastewater plants in Italy, over a period of 3 years. Several con... Read More about Long Term Feasibility Study of In-field Floating Microbial Fuel Cells for Monitoring Anoxic Wastewater and Energy Harvesting.

Microbial fuel cells (MFC) and microalgae; Photo microbial fuel cell (PMFC) as complete recycling machines (2019)
Journal Article
Greenman, J., Gajda, I., & Ieropoulos, I. (2019). Microbial fuel cells (MFC) and microalgae; Photo microbial fuel cell (PMFC) as complete recycling machines. Sustainable Energy and Fuels, 3(10), 2546-2560. https://doi.org/10.1039/c9se00354a

© 2019 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Humans can exploit natural processes by microorganisms by using Microbial Fuel Cells and integrated Photo Microbial Fuel Cells (MFC/PMFC) chambers containing electrodes to maximise microbial oxidation rates and... Read More about Microbial fuel cells (MFC) and microalgae; Photo microbial fuel cell (PMFC) as complete recycling machines.

Increased power generation in supercapacitive microbial fuel cell stack using Fe–N–C cathode catalyst (2018)
Journal Article
Santoro, C., Kodali, M., Shamoon, N., Serov, A., Soavi, F., Merino-Jimenez, I., …Atanassov, P. (2019). Increased power generation in supercapacitive microbial fuel cell stack using Fe–N–C cathode catalyst. Journal of Power Sources, 412, 416-424. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2018.11.069

© 2018 The Authors The anode and cathode electrodes of a microbial fuel cell (MFC) stack, composed of 28 single MFCs, were used as the negative and positive electrodes, respectively of an internal self-charged supercapacitor. Particularly, carbon vei... Read More about Increased power generation in supercapacitive microbial fuel cell stack using Fe–N–C cathode catalyst.

Miniaturized ceramic-based microbial fuel cell for efficient power generation from urine and stack development (2018)
Journal Article
Gajda, I., Stinchcombe, A., Merino-Jimenez, I., Pasternak, G., Sanchez-Herranz, D., Greenman, J., & Ieropoulos, I. (2018). Miniaturized ceramic-based microbial fuel cell for efficient power generation from urine and stack development. Frontiers in Energy Research, 6(OCT), https://doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2018.00084

© 2018 Gajda, Stinchcombe, Merino-Jimenez, Pasternak, Sanchez-Herranz, Greenman and Ieropoulos. One of the challenges in Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) technology is the improvement of the power output and the lowering of the cost required to scale up the... Read More about Miniaturized ceramic-based microbial fuel cell for efficient power generation from urine and stack development.

Recent advancements in real-world microbial fuel cell applications (2018)
Journal Article
Gajda, I., Greenman, J., & Ieropoulos, I. (2018). Recent advancements in real-world microbial fuel cell applications. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coelec.2018.09.006

© 2018 Elsevier B.V. This short review focuses on the recent developments of the Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) technology, its scale-up and implementation in real world applications. Microbial Fuel Cells produce (bio)energy from waste streams, which can... Read More about Recent advancements in real-world microbial fuel cell applications.

Small ceramic microbial fuel cell as a trigenerative system for electricity, organics degradation and urine filtration (2018)
Presentation / Conference
Gajda, I., Greenman, J., Santoro, C., Serov, A., Atanassov, P., & Ieropoulos, I. (2018, September). Small ceramic microbial fuel cell as a trigenerative system for electricity, organics degradation and urine filtration. Paper presented at AiMES 2018 : ECS and SMEQ Joint International Meeting

Bioelectrochemical systems are employing microbes as biocatalysts to convert waste into valuable resources. For example, a Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) utilises chemical energy locked in human urine into direct electrical current and can be scaled-up to... Read More about Small ceramic microbial fuel cell as a trigenerative system for electricity, organics degradation and urine filtration.

Anode surface modification with activated carbon for improved power generation in urine fed Microbial Fuel Cells (2018)
Presentation / Conference
Gajda, I., You, J., Santoro, C., Greenman, J., & Ieropoulos, I. (2018, September). Anode surface modification with activated carbon for improved power generation in urine fed Microbial Fuel Cells. Poster presented at 69th Annual Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry

Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) utilise organic feedstocks such as urine as fuel for direct electricity production, by employing anode respiring microbes that convert organic matter into electrons while treating waste. One possible approach to bring this... Read More about Anode surface modification with activated carbon for improved power generation in urine fed Microbial Fuel Cells.

Multi-functional microbial fuel cells for power, treatment and electro-osmotic purification of urine (2018)
Journal Article
Gajda, I., Greenman, J., Santoro, C., Serov, A., Atanassov, P., Melhuish, C., & Ieropoulos, I. (2019). Multi-functional microbial fuel cells for power, treatment and electro-osmotic purification of urine. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 94(7), 2098-2106. https://doi.org/10.1002/jctb.5792

© 2018 The Authors. Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Society of Chemical Industry. BACKGROUND: In this work, a small-scale ceramic microbial fuel cell (MFC) with a novel type of metal–... Read More about Multi-functional microbial fuel cells for power, treatment and electro-osmotic purification of urine.

A New Method for Modulation, Control and Power Boosting in Microbial Fuel Cells (2018)
Journal Article
Ieropoulos, I., You, J., Gajda, I., & Greenman, J. (2018). A New Method for Modulation, Control and Power Boosting in Microbial Fuel Cells. Fuel Cells, 18(5), 663-668. https://doi.org/10.1002/fuce.201800009

© 2018 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are energy transducers, which through the metabolic reactions of facultative anaerobic microorganisms, transform the energy in organic matter directly into electricity. E... Read More about A New Method for Modulation, Control and Power Boosting in Microbial Fuel Cells.

Development of small scale ceramic Microbial Fuel Cells for clean energy extraction from urine (2018)
Presentation / Conference
Gajda, I., Walter, X. A., Obata, T., Greenman, J., & Ieropoulos, I. (2018, June). Development of small scale ceramic Microbial Fuel Cells for clean energy extraction from urine. Presented at 14th International Ceramics Congress 2018

During the last 20 years great interest in Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) has intensified due to the extraction of clean electricity from waste streams such as urine. The technology is based on ceramic built MFCs in which the terracotta chassis is also... Read More about Development of small scale ceramic Microbial Fuel Cells for clean energy extraction from urine.

Ceramic Microbial Fuel Cells Stack: Power generation in standard and supercapacitive mode (2018)
Journal Article
Santoro, C., Flores-Cadengo, C., Soavi, F., Kodali, M., Merino-Jimenez, I., Gajda, I., …Atanassov, P. (2018). Ceramic Microbial Fuel Cells Stack: Power generation in standard and supercapacitive mode. Scientific Reports, 8(3281), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-21404-y

© 2018 The Author(s). In this work, a microbial fuel cell (MFC) stack containing 28 ceramic MFCs was tested in both standard and supercapacitive modes. The MFCs consisted of carbon veil anodes wrapped around the ceramic separator and air-breathing ca... Read More about Ceramic Microbial Fuel Cells Stack: Power generation in standard and supercapacitive mode.

Improved power and long term performance of microbial fuel cell with Fe-N-C catalyst in air-breathing cathode (2017)
Journal Article
Gajda, I., Greenman, J., Santoro, C., Serov, A., Melhuish, C., Atanassov, P., & Ieropoulos, I. (2018). Improved power and long term performance of microbial fuel cell with Fe-N-C catalyst in air-breathing cathode. Energy, 144, 1073-1079. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2017.11.135

© 2017 Power output limitation is one of the main challenges that needs to be addressed for full-scale applications of the Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) technology. Previous studies have examined electrochemical performance of different cathode electrode... Read More about Improved power and long term performance of microbial fuel cell with Fe-N-C catalyst in air-breathing cathode.

Electricity production from human urine in ceramic microbial fuel cells with alternative non-fluorinated polymer binders for cathode construction (2017)
Journal Article
Salar-Garcia, M. J., Ortiz-Martinez, V., Gajda, I., Greenman, J., Hernández-Fernández, F. J., & Ieropoulos, I. (2017). Electricity production from human urine in ceramic microbial fuel cells with alternative non-fluorinated polymer binders for cathode construction. Separation and Purification Technology, 187, 436-442. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2017.06.025

© 2017 Elsevier B.V. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is one of the most common binders employed to prepare cathode electrodes in microbial fuel cells (MFCs) and yet this fluorinated polymer is neither sustainable nor environmentally friendly. In this... Read More about Electricity production from human urine in ceramic microbial fuel cells with alternative non-fluorinated polymer binders for cathode construction.

A review into the use of ceramics in microbial fuel cells (2016)
Journal Article
Winfield, J., Gajda, I., Greenman, J., & Ieropoulos, I. (2016). A review into the use of ceramics in microbial fuel cells. Bioresource Technology, 215, 296-303. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2016.03.135

© 2016 The Authors. Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) offer great promise as a technology that can produce electricity whilst at the same time treat wastewater. Although significant progress has been made in recent years, the requirement for cheaper materi... Read More about A review into the use of ceramics in microbial fuel cells.

Microbial fuel cell – A novel self-powered wastewater electrolyser for electrocoagulation of heavy metals (2016)
Journal Article
Melhuish, C., Greenman, J., Stinchcombe, A., Gajda, I., Gajda, I., Stinchcombe, A., …Ieropoulos, I. (2017). Microbial fuel cell – A novel self-powered wastewater electrolyser for electrocoagulation of heavy metals. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42(3), 1813-1819. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.06.161

© 2016 The Authors This paper describes the suitability of the Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) for generation of electrical power with a simultaneous synthesis of active catholyte in the form of caustic solution. The active solution formed inside a terraco... Read More about Microbial fuel cell – A novel self-powered wastewater electrolyser for electrocoagulation of heavy metals.


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