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Prevalence, distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of bacterial isolates from a tertiary Hospital in Malawi (2021)
Journal Article
Kumwenda, P., Adukwu, E. C., Tabe, E. S., Ujor, V. C., Kamudumuli, P. S., Ngwira, M., …Chisale, M. (2021). Prevalence, distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of bacterial isolates from a tertiary Hospital in Malawi. BMC Infectious Diseases, 21, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-020-05725-w

Background: Bacterial infections are a significant cause of sickness and death in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed at establishing the prevalence, distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of major bacterial isolates from patients acc... Read More about Prevalence, distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of bacterial isolates from a tertiary Hospital in Malawi.

Investigation of the antifungal and anti-aflatoxigenic potential of plant-based essential oils against aspergillus flavus in peanuts (2020)
Journal Article
Sreenivasa, M. Y., Nagaraja, H., Quyen, P., Sharma, A., Msimanga, H. Z., Achar, P. N., & Adukwu, E. C. (2020). Investigation of the antifungal and anti-aflatoxigenic potential of plant-based essential oils against aspergillus flavus in peanuts. Journal of Fungi, 6(4), https://doi.org/10.3390/jof6040383

© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Aspergillus species are known to cause damage to food crops and are associated with opportunistic infections in humans. In the United States, significant losses have been reported in peanut pr... Read More about Investigation of the antifungal and anti-aflatoxigenic potential of plant-based essential oils against aspergillus flavus in peanuts.

Evaluation of antimicrobial activity of Curcuma longa L. against beneficial and pathogenic human gastrointestinal microorganisms (2020)
Presentation / Conference
Tran, H., Adukwu, E., Mackonochie, M., & Rolfe, V. (2020, November). Evaluation of antimicrobial activity of Curcuma longa L. against beneficial and pathogenic human gastrointestinal microorganisms. Poster presented at American Biomedical Research Conference for Minority Students, Virtual

Introduction: Curcuma longa L. (turmeric) is very popular worldwide as a spice, food preservative, and colouring material. Curcuminoids and turmerones are two major chemical components of turmeric. Many studies have been conducted to test the antimic... Read More about Evaluation of antimicrobial activity of Curcuma longa L. against beneficial and pathogenic human gastrointestinal microorganisms.

Laboratory evaluation of the Sigma Transwab® transport system for the recovery of Candida species using the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) document M40-A2 (2020)
Journal Article
Adukwu, E., & Elcocks, E. (2021). Laboratory evaluation of the Sigma Transwab® transport system for the recovery of Candida species using the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) document M40-A2. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 40, 735-738. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10096-020-04062-9

Rising healthcare complications due to fungal infections increase the importance of efficient specimen collection and maintenance systems for correct identification and diagnosis. The CLSI M40-A2 protocol provides guidelines for laboratories assessin... Read More about Laboratory evaluation of the Sigma Transwab® transport system for the recovery of Candida species using the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) document M40-A2.

In vitro antifungal activity of Cinnamomum zeylanicum bark and leaf essential oils against Candida albicans and Candida auris (2020)
Journal Article
Tran, H. N. H., Graham, L., & Adukwu, E. C. (2020). In vitro antifungal activity of Cinnamomum zeylanicum bark and leaf essential oils against Candida albicans and Candida auris. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 104, 8911–8924. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-020-10829-z

Candida infections are a significant source of patient morbidity and mortality. Candida albicans is the most common pathogen causing Candida infections. Candida auris is a newly described pathogen that is associated with multi-drug-resistant candidia... Read More about In vitro antifungal activity of Cinnamomum zeylanicum bark and leaf essential oils against Candida albicans and Candida auris.

An overview of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection and the importance of molecular hydrogen as an adjunctive therapy (2020)
Journal Article
Russell, G., Rehman, M., LeBaron, T. W., Veal, D., Adukwu, E., & Hancock, J. (2020). An overview of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection and the importance of molecular hydrogen as an adjunctive therapy. Reactive Oxygen Species, 10(28), 150–165

SARS-CoV-2 is an emerging β-coronavirus that causes COVID-19 disease that manifests primarily as a pulmonary infection that can rapidly progress into severe and acute respiratory distress in susceptible patients. Initial reports of severe pulmonary i... Read More about An overview of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection and the importance of molecular hydrogen as an adjunctive therapy.

Rapid bactericidal effect of cinnamon bark essential oil against Pseudomonas aeruginosa (2019)
Journal Article
Elcocks, E., Spencer‐Phillips, P., & Adukwu, E. (2020). Rapid bactericidal effect of cinnamon bark essential oil against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 128(4), 1025-1037. https://doi.org/10.1111/jam.14538

AIMS: This study aimed to identify the most effective antimicrobial from a selection of essential oils and investigate its bactericidal properties against Ps. aeruginosa. METHODS AND RESULTS: The disc diffusion assay and minimal inhibitory/bacte... Read More about Rapid bactericidal effect of cinnamon bark essential oil against Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Herbal teas and their health benefits: A scoping review (2019)
Journal Article
Poswal, F. S., Russell, G., Mackonochie, M., MacLennan, E., Adukwu, E. C., & Rolfe, V. (2019). Herbal teas and their health benefits: A scoping review. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 74(3), 266-276. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11130-019-00750-w

Herbal teas are used as therapeutic vehicles in many forms of traditional medicine and are a popular global beverage. The purpose of this scoping review was to examine the evidence relating to the clinical efficacy and safety of herbal teas, and to i... Read More about Herbal teas and their health benefits: A scoping review.

Evaluation of antifungal activities and antihaemolytic effects of cinnamon essential oils from leaf and bark on Candida albicans and Candida auris (2019)
Presentation / Conference
Tran, H., & Adukwu, E. (2019, June). Evaluation of antifungal activities and antihaemolytic effects of cinnamon essential oils from leaf and bark on Candida albicans and Candida auris. Poster presented at Microbiology Society ECM Forum Summer Conference, Dublin, Ireland

Candida infections can be considered as a significant source of patient morbidity and mortality. Candida albicans is the most common pathogen causing Candida infections. Candida auris is a newly described pathogen that is associated with multi-drug r... Read More about Evaluation of antifungal activities and antihaemolytic effects of cinnamon essential oils from leaf and bark on Candida albicans and Candida auris.

The 2013-2016 Ebola epidemic: Evaluating communication strategies between two affected countries in West Africa (2019)
Journal Article
Adukwu, E. C., Walker, B. F., Walker, B. F., & Adukwu, E. C. (2020). The 2013-2016 Ebola epidemic: Evaluating communication strategies between two affected countries in West Africa. European Journal of Public Health, 30(1), 118-124. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckz104

Background: Ebola is a haemorrhagic disease with high fatality rates between 25 and 90%. The 2013-16 Ebola outbreak in West Africa was the largest to date with >28 000 cases and >11 000 fatalities. This outbreak exposed inadequacies in public health... Read More about The 2013-2016 Ebola epidemic: Evaluating communication strategies between two affected countries in West Africa.

Evaluation of Two Sigma TranswabⓇ Systems for maintenance of viability of pathogenic Candida spp. using the clinical and laboratory standards institute M40-A2 standard (2019)
Presentation / Conference
Elcocks, E., & Adukwu, E. (2019, March). Evaluation of Two Sigma TranswabⓇ Systems for maintenance of viability of pathogenic Candida spp. using the clinical and laboratory standards institute M40-A2 standard. Poster presented at KNVM & NVNM Scientific Spring Meeting 2019, Papendal, Netherlands

In vitro antimicrobial activity of Cymbopogon flexuosus against Staphylococcus aureus and Acinetobacter baumannii (2018)
Presentation / Conference
Green, N., & Adukwu, E. (2018, June). In vitro antimicrobial activity of Cymbopogon flexuosus against Staphylococcus aureus and Acinetobacter baumannii. Poster presented at ECM Forum Summer Conference 2018, Birmingham, UK

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) are both significant nosocomial pathogens that have become increasingly resistant to conventional antimicrobial therapies. There is a need for alternative therapies to com... Read More about In vitro antimicrobial activity of Cymbopogon flexuosus against Staphylococcus aureus and Acinetobacter baumannii.

Fungal wars: The underlying molecular repertoires of combating mycelia (2018)
Journal Article
Ujor, V. C., Adukwu, E. C., & Okonkwo, C. C. (2018). Fungal wars: The underlying molecular repertoires of combating mycelia. Fungal Biology, 122(4), 191-202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.funbio.2018.01.001

© 2018 British Mycological Society Non-self contact between fungi elicits strong morphological and biochemical reactions in the mycelia of interacting species. Although these reactions appear to be species- and interaction-specific, some responses su... Read More about Fungal wars: The underlying molecular repertoires of combating mycelia.