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R^{4}Syn: Relative referenceless receiver/receiver time synchronization in wireless sensor networks (2012)
Journal Article
Djenouri, D. (2012). R^{4}Syn: Relative referenceless receiver/receiver time synchronization in wireless sensor networks. IEEE Signal Processing Letters, 19(4), 175-178. https://doi.org/10.1109/lsp.2012.2185491

A new time synchronization protocol for wireless sensor networks (WSN) is proposed. It uses the receiver-to-receiver principle introduced by the Reference Broadcast Synchronization (RBS), which reduces the time-critical path compared to the sender-to... Read More about R^{4}Syn: Relative referenceless receiver/receiver time synchronization in wireless sensor networks.

Estimators for RBS-based time synchronization in heterogeneous wireless networks (2011)
Conference Proceeding
Djenouri, D. (2011). Estimators for RBS-based time synchronization in heterogeneous wireless networks. https://doi.org/10.1109/GLOCOMW.2011.6162456

A general scenario for using reference broadcast synchronization (RBS) in heterogeneous multi-hop wireless networks is defined, together with an appropriate model allowing to directly derive maximum likelihood estimators (MLE) to the skew and offset... Read More about Estimators for RBS-based time synchronization in heterogeneous wireless networks.

Self-repairing clusters for time-efficient and scalable actor-fault-tolerance in wireless sensor and actor networks (2011)
Conference Proceeding
Amirouche, L., Djenouri, D., & Badache, N. (2011). Self-repairing clusters for time-efficient and scalable actor-fault-tolerance in wireless sensor and actor networks. In AccessNets 2010: Access Networks, (113-123). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-20931-4_9

A new solution for fault-tolerance in wireless sensor and actor networks (WSAN) is proposed. The solution deals with fault-tolerance of actors, contrary to most of the literature that only considers sensors. It considers real-time communication, and... Read More about Self-repairing clusters for time-efficient and scalable actor-fault-tolerance in wireless sensor and actor networks.

Distributed receiver/receiver synchronization in wireless sensor networks: New solution and joint offset/skew estimators for Gaussian delays (2011)
Journal Article
Djenouri, D. (2011). Distributed receiver/receiver synchronization in wireless sensor networks: New solution and joint offset/skew estimators for Gaussian delays. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, 6843 LNCS, 13-24. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-23490-3_2

This paper proposes a new synchronization protocol for wireless sensor networks (WSN). The proposed protocols is based on the receive/reieve approach, which was introduced by the Reference Broadcast Synchronization (RBS). This approach has been chose... Read More about Distributed receiver/receiver synchronization in wireless sensor networks: New solution and joint offset/skew estimators for Gaussian delays.

Traffic-differentiation-based modular QoS localized routing for wireless sensor networks (2010)
Journal Article
Djenouri, D., & Balasingham, I. (2011). Traffic-differentiation-based modular QoS localized routing for wireless sensor networks. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, 10(6), 797-809. https://doi.org/10.1109/tmc.2010.212

A new localized quality of service (QoS) routing protocol for wireless sensor networks (WSN) is proposed in this paper. The proposed protocol targets WSN's applications having different types of data traffic. It is based on differentiating QoS requir... Read More about Traffic-differentiation-based modular QoS localized routing for wireless sensor networks.

A gradual solution to detect selfish nodes in mobile ad hoc networks (2010)
Journal Article
Djenouri, D., & Badache, N. (2010). A gradual solution to detect selfish nodes in mobile ad hoc networks. International Journal of Wireless and Mobile Computing, 4(4), 264-274. https://doi.org/10.1504/ijwmc.2010.035886

The resource limitation of nodes forming ad hoc networks along with the multi-hop nature of these networks rise a new problem. To preserve its energy a node may behave selfishly and would not forward packets for others, while using their services and... Read More about A gradual solution to detect selfish nodes in mobile ad hoc networks.

New QoS and geographical routing in wireless biomedical sensor networks (2009)
Conference Proceeding
Djenouri, D., & Balasingham, I. (2009). New QoS and geographical routing in wireless biomedical sensor networks. https://doi.org/10.4108/icst.broadnets2009.7188

In this paper we deal with biomedical applications of wireless sensor networks, and propose a new quality of service (QoS) routing protocol. The protocol design relies on traffic diversity of these applications and ensures a differentiation routing u... Read More about New QoS and geographical routing in wireless biomedical sensor networks.

LOCALMOR: Localized multi-objective routing for wireless sensor networks (2009)
Conference Proceeding
Djenouri, D., & Balasingham, I. (2009). LOCALMOR: Localized multi-objective routing for wireless sensor networks. https://doi.org/10.1109/pimrc.2009.5449740

This paper proposes a multi-objective quality of service (QoS) routing protocol for wireless sensor networks (WSN). The protocol takes into account the traffic diversity typical for many applications and provides a differentiation in routing using Qo... Read More about LOCALMOR: Localized multi-objective routing for wireless sensor networks.

Brief announcement on MOGRIBA: Multi-objective geographical routing for biomedical applications of WSN (2009)
Conference Proceeding
Djenouri, D., & Balasingham, I. (2009). Brief announcement on MOGRIBA: Multi-objective geographical routing for biomedical applications of WSN. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-05434-1_16

A new routing protocol for wireless sensor networks is proposed in this paper. The proposed protocol focuses on medical applications, by considering its traffic diversity and providing a differentiation routing using quality of service (QoS) metrics.... Read More about Brief announcement on MOGRIBA: Multi-objective geographical routing for biomedical applications of WSN.

CoP4V: Context-based protocol for vehicle's safety in highways using wireless sensor networks (2009)
Conference Proceeding
Subramanian, S., Djenouri, D., Sindre, G., & Balasingham, I. (2009). CoP4V: Context-based protocol for vehicle's safety in highways using wireless sensor networks. https://doi.org/10.1109/itng.2009.129

Safety is evergreen vital criteria for road traffic. We propose an infrastructureless solution based on contexts to increase safety of vehicle. Contexts characterize and track the moving environment of a vehicle. Here, environment means the vehicle's... Read More about CoP4V: Context-based protocol for vehicle's safety in highways using wireless sensor networks.

Towards immunizing MANET's source routing protocols against packet droppers (2009)
Journal Article
Djenouri, D., Bouamama, M., & Mahmoudi, O. (2009). Towards immunizing MANET's source routing protocols against packet droppers. Journal of Interconnection Networks, 10(1-2), 59-91. https://doi.org/10.1142/s0219265909002443

This paper deals with security of routing protocols of Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANETs), and proposes a solution to immunize such protocols against packet dropping misbehavior. Most of the current secure protocols are vulnerable to packet dropping mis... Read More about Towards immunizing MANET's source routing protocols against packet droppers.

On eliminating packet droppers in MANET: A modular solution (2008)
Journal Article
Djenouri, D., & Badache, N. (2009). On eliminating packet droppers in MANET: A modular solution. Ad Hoc Networks, 7(6), 1243-1258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adhoc.2008.11.003

In this paper we deal with misbehaving nodes in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) that drop packets supposed to be relayed, whose purpose may be either saving their resources or launching a DoS attack. We propose a new solution to monitor, detect, and... Read More about On eliminating packet droppers in MANET: A modular solution.

Simulation of mobility models in vehicular ad hoc networks (2008)
Conference Proceeding
Djenouri, D., Nekka, E., & Soualhi, W. (2008). Simulation of mobility models in vehicular ad hoc networks. https://doi.org/10.4108/icst.ambisys2008.2838

Copyright ACM 2007. One of the emerging applications that belongs to ambient systems is to transparently and directly interconnect vehicles in roads, making an ad hoc network that enables a variety of applications through distritbuted softwares witho... Read More about Simulation of mobility models in vehicular ad hoc networks.

On detecting packets droppers in MANET: A novel low cost approach (2007)
Conference Proceeding
Fahad, T., Djenouri, D., & Askwith, R. (2007). On detecting packets droppers in MANET: A novel low cost approach. https://doi.org/10.1109/ias.2007.47

One of the commonest threats that mobile ad hoc networks are vulnerable to is data packet dropping, which is caused either by malicious or selfish nodes. Most of the existing solutions to solve such misbehaviour rely on the watchdog technique, which... Read More about On detecting packets droppers in MANET: A novel low cost approach.

A new low cost sessions-based misbehaviour detection protocol (SMDP) for MANET (2007)
Conference Proceeding
Fahad, T., Djenouri, D., Askwith, R., & Merabti, M. (2007). A new low cost sessions-based misbehaviour detection protocol (SMDP) for MANET. https://doi.org/10.1109/ainaw.2007.34

There is a strong motivation for a node to deny packet forwarding to others and being selfish in MANET. Recently, some solutions have been proposed, but almost all of these solutions rely on the watchdog technique, which suffers from many drawbacks,... Read More about A new low cost sessions-based misbehaviour detection protocol (SMDP) for MANET.

On securing MANET routing protocol against control packet dropping (2007)
Conference Proceeding
Djenouri, D., Mahmoudi, O., Bouamama, M., Llewellyn-Jones, D., & Merabti, M. (2007). On securing MANET routing protocol against control packet dropping. https://doi.org/10.1109/perser.2007.4283899

In this manuscript we deal with securing routing protocols of mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) against packet dropping misbehavior. More specifically, we propose a solution to protect control packets of reactive source routing protocols against. Most... Read More about On securing MANET routing protocol against control packet dropping.

Struggling against selfishness and black hole attacks in MANETs (2007)
Journal Article
Djenouri, D., & Badache, N. (2008). Struggling against selfishness and black hole attacks in MANETs. Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing, 8(6), 689-704. https://doi.org/10.1002/wcm.493

Since mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) are infrastructureless and multi-hop by nature, transmitting packets from any node to another usually relies on services provided by intermediate nodes. This reliance introduces a new vulnerability; one node coul... Read More about Struggling against selfishness and black hole attacks in MANETs.

Ad hoc networks routing protocols and mobility (2006)
Journal Article
Djenouri, D., Derhab, A., & Badache, N. (2006). Ad hoc networks routing protocols and mobility. International Arab Journal of Information Technology, 3(2), 126-133

New power-aware routing protocol for mobile ad hoc networks (2006)
Journal Article
Djenouri, D., & Badache, N. (2006). New power-aware routing protocol for mobile ad hoc networks. International Journal of Ad Hoc and Ubiquitous Computing, 1(3), 126-136. https://doi.org/10.1504/ijahuc.2006.009882

Since devices used in wireless mobile ad hoc networks are generally supplied with limited autonomous resources, energy conservation is one of the most significant aspects in these networks. Recent studies show that the energy consumed for routing dat... Read More about New power-aware routing protocol for mobile ad hoc networks.

Cross-layer approach to detect data packet droppers in mobile ad-hoc networks (2006)
Conference Proceeding
Djenouri, D., & Badache, N. (2006). Cross-layer approach to detect data packet droppers in mobile ad-hoc networks. https://doi.org/10.1007/11822035_14

Mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) are dynamic infrastructureless networks whose routing protocols are fully based on node cooperation, and where each mobile node relies on other intermediate mobile nodes to send packets towards remote ones. Being anxio... Read More about Cross-layer approach to detect data packet droppers in mobile ad-hoc networks.