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Beyond Markov chains, towards adaptive memristor network-based music generation (2013)
Presentation / Conference
Gale, E., Matthews, O., de Lacy Costello, B., & Adamatzky, A. (2013, April). Beyond Markov chains, towards adaptive memristor network-based music generation. Paper presented at First AISB symposium on Music and Unconventional Computing

We undertook a study of the use of a memristor network for music generation, making use of the memristor's memory to go beyond the Markov hypothesis. Seed transition matrices are created and populated using memristor equations, and which are shown to... Read More about Beyond Markov chains, towards adaptive memristor network-based music generation.

An Investigation of Fecal Volatile Organic Metabolites in Irritable Bowel Syndrome (2013)
Journal Article
Probert, C. S., de Costello, B. L., Ahmed, I., Greenwood, R., de Lacy Costello, B., Ratcliffe, N. M., & Probert, C. (2013). An Investigation of Fecal Volatile Organic Metabolites in Irritable Bowel Syndrome. PLoS ONE, 8(3), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058204

Diagnosing irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) can be a challenge; many clinicians resort to invasive investigations in order to rule out other diseases and reassure their patients. Volatile organic metabolites (VOMs) are emitted from feces; understanding... Read More about An Investigation of Fecal Volatile Organic Metabolites in Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

Volatiles from oral anaerobes confounding breath biomarker discovery (2013)
Journal Article
De Lacy Costello, B., Khalid, T. Y., Ratcliffe, N. M., Khalid, T., Saad, S., Greenman, J., …Ratcliffe, N. M. (2013). Volatiles from oral anaerobes confounding breath biomarker discovery. Journal of Breath Research, 7(1), https://doi.org/10.1088/1752-7155/7/1/017114

The levels of compounds in exhaled mouth air do not necessarily reflect levels in the systemic circulation as bacteria can bio-transform substrates to produce compounds within the mouth. This should be of concern to researchers measuring breath volat... Read More about Volatiles from oral anaerobes confounding breath biomarker discovery.

Toward turing’s A-type unorganised machines in an unconventional substrate: A dynamic representation in compartmentalised excitable chemical media (2013)
Book Chapter
Bull, L., Holley, J., De Lacy Costello, B., & Adamatzky, A. (2013). Toward turing’s A-type unorganised machines in an unconventional substrate: A dynamic representation in compartmentalised excitable chemical media. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-37225-4_11

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013. Turing presented a general representation scheme by which to achieve artificial intelligence – unorganised machines. Significantly, these were a form of discrete dynamical system and yet such representations... Read More about Toward turing’s A-type unorganised machines in an unconventional substrate: A dynamic representation in compartmentalised excitable chemical media.

Evolution of plastic learning in spiking networks via memristive connections (2012)
Journal Article
Adamatzky, A., Howard, G., Howard, D., Gale, E., Bull, L., De Lacy Costello, B., & Adamatzky, A. (2012). Evolution of plastic learning in spiking networks via memristive connections. IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation, 16(5), 711-729. https://doi.org/10.1109/TEVC.2011.2170199

This paper presents a spiking neuroevolutionary system which implements memristors as plastic connections, i.e., whose weights can vary during a trial. The evolutionary design process exploits parameter self-adaptation and variable topologies, allowi... Read More about Evolution of plastic learning in spiking networks via memristive connections.

A diagnostic apparatus for analysing a sample to diagnose disease (2012)
Patent
Ratcliffe, N. M., de Lacy Costello, B., Ewen, R., & Probert, C. (2012). A diagnostic apparatus for analysing a sample to diagnose disease. EP2502065 A2 (text from WO2011061308A2)

A diagnostic apparatus (10) for analysing a sample to diagnose disease, the apparatus (10) comprising: a separating element (16) for separating gas derived from the sample into component parts; a sensor arrangement (18) coupled to the separating elem... Read More about A diagnostic apparatus for analysing a sample to diagnose disease.

Creating unorganised machines from memristors (2012)
Presentation / Conference
Howard, G. D., Bull, L., Costello, B. D. L., & Adamatzky, A. (2012, September). Creating unorganised machines from memristors. Paper presented at ICNAAM 2012: International Conference of Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics

Time-dependent wave selection for information processing in excitable media (2012)
Journal Article
Costello, B. D. L., Stevens, W. M., Adamatzky, A., Jahan, I., & de Lacy Costello, B. (2012). Time-dependent wave selection for information processing in excitable media. Physical Review E, 85(6), https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.85.066129

We demonstrate an improved technique for implementing logic circuits in light-sensitive chemical excitable media. The technique makes use of the constant-speed propagation of waves along defined channels in an excitable medium based on the Belousov-Z... Read More about Time-dependent wave selection for information processing in excitable media.

Different behaviour seen in flexible titanium dioxide sol-gel memristors dependent on the choice of electrode material (2012)
Book Chapter
Gale, E., Pearson, D., Kitson, S., Adamatzky, A., & de Lacy Costello, B. (2012). Different behaviour seen in flexible titanium dioxide sol-gel memristors dependent on the choice of electrode material. In J. Heber, D. Schlom, Y. Tokura, R. Waser, & M. Wuttig (Eds.), Technical Digest of Frontiers in Electronic Materials, 577-578. Nature Conferences & Wiley VCH

Fabrication and modelling of titanium dioxide memristors (2012)
Presentation / Conference
Gale, E., Adamatzky, A., & de Lacy Costello, B. (2012, June). Fabrication and modelling of titanium dioxide memristors. Poster presented at Royal Society of Chemistry, Younger Members Symposium 2012

Concept – including filamentary conduction in the mem-mon theory of memristance improves the model for ‘triangular’ memristors

The effect of electrode size on memristor properties: an experimental and theoretical study (2012)
Working Paper
Gale, E., de Lacy Costello, B., & Adamatzky, A. The effect of electrode size on memristor properties: an experimental and theoretical study

The width of the electrodes is not included in the current phenomenological models of memristance, but is included in the memory-conservation (mem-con) theory of memristance. An experimental study of the effect of changing the top electrode width was... Read More about The effect of electrode size on memristor properties: an experimental and theoretical study.

Filamentary extension of the mem-con theory of memristance and its application to titanium dioxide sol-gel memristors (2012)
Working Paper
Gale, E., de Lacy Costello, B., & Adamatzky, A. Filamentary extension of the mem-con theory of memristance and its application to titanium dioxide sol-gel memristors

Titanium dioxide sol-gel memristors have two different modes of operation, believed to be dependent on whether there is bulk memristance, i.e. memristance throughout the whole volume or filamentary memristance, i.e. memristance caused by the connecti... Read More about Filamentary extension of the mem-con theory of memristance and its application to titanium dioxide sol-gel memristors.

Computing with liquid crystal fingers: Models of geometric and logical computation (2011)
Journal Article
Younger, D., Matranga, M. A., Costello, B. D. L., Kitson, S., Adamatzky, A., & de Lacy Costello, B. (2011). Computing with liquid crystal fingers: Models of geometric and logical computation. Physical Review E, 84(6), https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.84.061702

When a voltage is applied across a thin layer of cholesteric liquid crystal, fingers of cholesteric alignment can form and propagate in the layer. In computer simulation, based on experimental laboratory results, we demonstrate that these cholesteric... Read More about Computing with liquid crystal fingers: Models of geometric and logical computation.

Comparison of ant-inspired gatherer allocation approaches using memristor-based environmental models (2011)
Presentation / Conference
Gale, E., de Lacy Costello, B., & Adamatzky, A. (2011, December). Comparison of ant-inspired gatherer allocation approaches using memristor-based environmental models. Paper presented at Bioadcom 2011 Workshop on Bio-inspired Approaches to Advanced Computing and Communications (BioAdcom2011)

Memristors are used to compare three gathering techniques in an already-mapped environment where resource locations are known. The All Site model, which apportions gatherers based on the modeled memristance of that path, proves to be good at increasi... Read More about Comparison of ant-inspired gatherer allocation approaches using memristor-based environmental models.

Logical and arithmetic circuits in Belousov-Zhabotinsky encapsulated disks (2011)
Journal Article
Holley, J., Jahan, I., De Lacy Costello, B., Bull, L., & Adamatzky, A. (2011). Logical and arithmetic circuits in Belousov-Zhabotinsky encapsulated disks. Physical Review E, 84(5), 056110. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.84.056110

Excitation waves on a subexcitable Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) substrate can be manipulated by chemical variations in the substrate and by interactions with other waves. Symbolic assignment and interpretation of wave dynamics can be used to perform log... Read More about Logical and arithmetic circuits in Belousov-Zhabotinsky encapsulated disks.

Neuromorphic computing with memristors: Preliminary experimental results (2011)
Presentation / Conference
Gale, E., de Lacy Costello, B., & Adamatzky, A. (2011, November). Neuromorphic computing with memristors: Preliminary experimental results. Poster presented at Building Bridges to Build Brains

Individual memristors have been observed demonstrating neuron-like spiking patterns. It has been shown elsewhere that memristors provide superior modelling for neurons then the Hodgkin-Huxley model. Due to these results we expect memristors to be e... Read More about Neuromorphic computing with memristors: Preliminary experimental results.

On computing in fine-grained compartmentalised Belousov-Zhabotinsky medium (2011)
Journal Article
Adamatzky, A., Holley, J., Bull, L., & De Lacy Costello, B. (2011). On computing in fine-grained compartmentalised Belousov-Zhabotinsky medium. Chaos, Solitons and Fractals, 44(10), 779-790. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chaos.2011.03.010

We introduce results of computer experiments on information processing in a hexagonal array of vesicles filled with Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) solution in a sub-excitable mode. We represent values of Boolean variables by excitation wave-fragments and... Read More about On computing in fine-grained compartmentalised Belousov-Zhabotinsky medium.

Vesicle computers: Approximating a Voronoi diagram using Voronoi automata (2011)
Journal Article
Adamatzky, A., De Lacy Costello, B., Holley, J., Gorecki, J., & Bull, L. (2011). Vesicle computers: Approximating a Voronoi diagram using Voronoi automata. Chaos, Solitons and Fractals, 44(7), 480-489. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chaos.2011.01.016

Irregular arrangements of vesicles filled with excitable and precipitating chemical systems are imitated by Voronoi automata - finite-state machines defined on a planar Voronoi diagram. Every Voronoi cell takes four states: resting, excited, refracto... Read More about Vesicle computers: Approximating a Voronoi diagram using Voronoi automata.


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