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Anticipation in robotics (2018)
Book Chapter
Winfield, A. F., & Hafner, V. V. (2018). Anticipation in robotics. In R. Poli (Ed.), Handbook of Anticipation: Theoretical and Applied Aspects of the Use of Future in Decision MakingSpringer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31737-3_73-1

In this chapter, we introduce anticipatory robotic systems. We show how intelligent robots can anticipate the future, by outlining two broad approaches: the first shows how robots can use anticipation to learn how to control their own bodies and the... Read More about Anticipation in robotics.

A two teraflop swarm (2018)
Journal Article
Jones, S., Studley, M., Hauert, S., & Winfield, A. F. (2018). A two teraflop swarm. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 5(FEB), https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2018.00011

© 2018 Jones, Studley, Hauert and Winfield. We introduce the Xpuck swarm, a research platform with an aggregate raw processing power in excess of two teraflops. The swarm uses 16 e-puck robots augmented with custom hardware that uses the substantial... Read More about A two teraflop swarm.

Experiments in artificial theory of mind: From safety to story-telling (2018)
Journal Article
Winfield, A. F. (2018). Experiments in artificial theory of mind: From safety to story-telling. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 5(JUN), https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2018.00075

© 2018 Winfield. Theory of mind is the term given by philosophers and psychologists for the ability to form a predictive model of self and others. In this paper we focus on synthetic models of theory of mind. We contend firstly that such models-espec... Read More about Experiments in artificial theory of mind: From safety to story-telling.

Feature and performance comparison of the V-REP, Gazebo and ARGoS robot simulators (2018)
Journal Article
Pitonakova, L., Giuliani, M., Pipe, A., & Winfield, A. (2018). Feature and performance comparison of the V-REP, Gazebo and ARGoS robot simulators. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, 10965 LNAI, 357-368. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-96728-8_30

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018. In this paper, the characteristics and performance of three open-source simulators for robotics, V-REP, Gazebo and ARGoS, are thoroughly analysed and compared. While they all allow... Read More about Feature and performance comparison of the V-REP, Gazebo and ARGoS robot simulators.

Mapping Intelligence: Requirements and Possibilities (2018)
Book Chapter
Bhatnagar, S., Alexandrova, A., Avin, S., Cave, S., Cheke, L., Crosby, M., …Hernández-Orallo, J. (2018). Mapping Intelligence: Requirements and Possibilities. In V. C. Müller (Ed.), Philosophy and Theory of Artificial Intelligence 2017 (PT-AI 2017), (117-135). Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-96448-5_13

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018. New types of artificial intelligence (AI), from cognitive assistants to social robots, are challenging meaningful comparison with other kinds of intelligence. How can such intelligent systems be catalogued, eval... Read More about Mapping Intelligence: Requirements and Possibilities.

Negative updating combined with opinion pooling in the best-of-n problem in swarm robotics (2018)
Journal Article
Lee, C., Lawry, J., & Winfield, A. F. (2018). Negative updating combined with opinion pooling in the best-of-n problem in swarm robotics. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, 11172 LNCS, 97-108. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-00533-7_8

© 2018, Springer Nature Switzerland AG. There is a need for effective collective decision making in decentralised multi-agent and robotic systems. This paper introduces a novel approach to the best-of-n decision problem with large n. It utilises nega... Read More about Negative updating combined with opinion pooling in the best-of-n problem in swarm robotics.

The case for an ethical black box (2017)
Book Chapter
Winfield, A. F., & Jirotka, M. (2017). The case for an ethical black box. In Y. Gao (Ed.), Towards Autonomous Robot Systems (1-12). Springer

This paper proposes that robots and autonomous systems should be equipped with the equivalent of a Flight Data Recorder to continuously record sensor and relevant internal status data. We call this an ethical black box. We argue that an ethical black... Read More about The case for an ethical black box.

An architecture for ethical robots inspired by the simulation theory of cognition (2017)
Journal Article
Winfield, A., & Vanderelst, D. (2018). An architecture for ethical robots inspired by the simulation theory of cognition. Cognitive Systems Research, 48, 56-66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogsys.2017.04.002

The expanding ability of robots to take unsupervised decisions renders it imperative that mechanisms are in place to guarantee the safety of their behaviour. Moreover, intelligent autonomous robots should be more than safe; arguably they should also... Read More about An architecture for ethical robots inspired by the simulation theory of cognition.

Standardizing Ethical Design for Artificial Intelligence and Autonomous Systems (2017)
Journal Article
Winfield, A., Bryson, J., & Winfield, A. F. (2017). Standardizing Ethical Design for Artificial Intelligence and Autonomous Systems. Computer, 50(5), 116-119. https://doi.org/10.1109/MC.2017.154

© 1970-2012 IEEE. AI is here now, available to anyone with access to digital technology and the Internet. But its consequences for our social order aren't well understood. How can we guide the way technology impacts society?

Principles of robotics: regulating robots in the real world (2017)
Journal Article
Boden, M., Winfield, A., Bryson, J., Caldwell, D., Dautenhahn, K., Edwards, L., …Whitby, B. (2017). Principles of robotics: regulating robots in the real world. Connection Science, 29(2), 124-129. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540091.2016.1271400

© 2017 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This paper proposes a set of five ethical principles, together with seven high-level messages, as a basis for responsible robotics. The Principles of Robotics... Read More about Principles of robotics: regulating robots in the real world.

The challenge of preparing teams for the European robotics league: Emergency (2017)
Journal Article
Ferreira, F., Röning, J., Kauppinen, M., Pitkänen, V., Kemppainen, A., Tikanmäki, A., …Sosa, D. (2017). The challenge of preparing teams for the European robotics league: Emergency. https://doi.org/10.2352/ISSN.2470-1173.2017.9.IRIACV-261

© 2017, Society for Imaging Science and Technology. ERL Emergency is an outdoor multi-domain robotic competition inspired by the 2011 Fukushima accident. The ERL Emergency Challenge requires teams of land, underwater and flying robots to work togethe... Read More about The challenge of preparing teams for the European robotics league: Emergency.

When robots tell each other stories: The emergence of artificial fiction (2017)
Book Chapter
Winfield, A. F. (2017). When robots tell each other stories: The emergence of artificial fiction. In S. Stepney, & R. Walsh (Eds.), Narrating ComplexitySpringer

This essay outlines a proposal for an embodied computational model of storytelling, using robots. If it could be built, the model would open the possibility for experimental demonstration and investigation of how simple narrative might emerge from in... Read More about When robots tell each other stories: The emergence of artificial fiction.

Rational imitation for robots: the cost difference model (2017)
Journal Article
Winfield, A., Vanderelst, D., & Winfield, A. F. (2017). Rational imitation for robots: the cost difference model. Adaptive Behavior, 25(2), 60-71. https://doi.org/10.1177/1059712317702950

© 2017, © The Author(s) 2017. Infants imitate behaviour flexibly. Depending on the circumstances, they copy both actions and their effects or only reproduce the demonstrator’s intended goals. In view of this selective imitation, infants have been cal... Read More about Rational imitation for robots: the cost difference model.

The euRathlon 2015 grand challenge: The first outdoor multi-domain search and rescue robotics competition— A Marine perspective (2016)
Journal Article
Winfield, A., Ferri, G., Ferreira, F., Djapic, V., Petillot, Y., Franco, M. P., & Winfield, A. F. (2016). The euRathlon 2015 grand challenge: The first outdoor multi-domain search and rescue robotics competition— A Marine perspective. Marine Technology Society Journal, 50(4), 81-97. https://doi.org/10.4031/MTSJ.50.4.9

© 2016, Marine Technology Society Journal. All rights reserved. The euRathlon project was an FP7-funded Coordination and Support Action (2013–2015). Itsmain aim was to organize outdoor robotics competitions in realistic search and rescue response sce... Read More about The euRathlon 2015 grand challenge: The first outdoor multi-domain search and rescue robotics competition— A Marine perspective.

An immune-inspired swarm aggregation algorithm for self-healing swarm robotic systems (2016)
Journal Article
Winfield, A. F., Timmis, J., Ismail, A. R., Bjerknes, J. D., & Winfield, A. F. (2016). An immune-inspired swarm aggregation algorithm for self-healing swarm robotic systems. BioSystems, 146, 60-76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2016.04.001

© 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd Swarm robotics is concerned with the decentralised coordination of multiple robots having only limited communication and interaction abilities. Although fault tolerance and robustness to individual robot failures have ofte... Read More about An immune-inspired swarm aggregation algorithm for self-healing swarm robotic systems.

Adaptive foraging for simulated and real robotic swarms: The dynamical response threshold approach (2016)
Journal Article
Castello, E., Yamamoto, T., Liu, W., Winfield, A. F., Nakamura, Y., & Ishiguro, H. (2016). Adaptive foraging for simulated and real robotic swarms: The dynamical response threshold approach. Swarm Intelligence, 10(1), 1-31

Developing self-organised swarm systems capable of adapting to environmental changes as well as to dynamic situations is a complex challenge. An efficient labour division model, with the ability to regulate the distribution of work among swarm robots... Read More about Adaptive foraging for simulated and real robotic swarms: The dynamical response threshold approach.

A Novel Design for a Robot Grappling Hook for use in a Nuclear Cave Environment (2016)
Journal Article
Bridgwater, T., Griffiths, G., Winfield, A., & Pipe, T. (2016). A Novel Design for a Robot Grappling Hook for use in a Nuclear Cave Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ifacol.2016.10.569

© 2016 Within the field of robotics there exist few designs for detachable grappling hooks. This paper focusses on the novel design of a detachable grappling hook for use within a nuclear cave environment. The design seeks to exploit the complex netw... Read More about A Novel Design for a Robot Grappling Hook for use in a Nuclear Cave Environment.

Written evidence submitted to the UK Parliamentary Select Committee on Science and Technology Inquiry on Robotics and Artificial Intelligence (2016)
Report
Winfield, A. F. (2016). Written evidence submitted to the UK Parliamentary Select Committee on Science and Technology Inquiry on Robotics and Artificial Intelligence

This paper was submitted in response to question 4 of the Parliamentary Science and Technology Committee Inquiry on Robotics and Artificial Intelligence* on: 'The social, legal and ethical issues raised by developments in robotics and artificial inte... Read More about Written evidence submitted to the UK Parliamentary Select Committee on Science and Technology Inquiry on Robotics and Artificial Intelligence.

Rational imitation for robots (2016)
Book Chapter
Vanderelst, D., & Winfield, A. F. (2016). Rational imitation for robots. In M. Wilson, J. Hallam, E. Tuci, & A. Giagkos (Eds.), From Animals to Animats 14, 55-66. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-43488-9_6

Infants imitate behaviour flexibly. Depending on the circumstances, they copy both actions and their effects or only reproduce the demonstrator’s intended goals. In view of this selective imitation, infants have been called rational imitators. The ab... Read More about Rational imitation for robots.

euRathlon 2015: A multi-domain multi-robot grand challenge for search and rescue robots (2016)
Journal Article
Winfield, A. F., Franco, M. P., Brueggemann, B., Castro, A., Limon, M. C., Ferri, G., …Viguria, A. (2016). euRathlon 2015: A multi-domain multi-robot grand challenge for search and rescue robots. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, 9716, 351-363. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-40379-3_36

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016. Staged at Piombino, Italy in September 2015, euRathlon 2015 was the world’s first multi-domain (air, land and sea) multi-robot search and rescue competition. In a mock-disaster scenario inspired b... Read More about euRathlon 2015: A multi-domain multi-robot grand challenge for search and rescue robots.