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Interactive robots in experimental biology (2011)
Journal Article
Krause, J., Winfield, A. F., & Deneubourg, J. L. (2011). Interactive robots in experimental biology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 26(7), 369-375. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2011.03.015

Interactive robots have the potential to revolutionise the study of social behaviour because they provide several methodological advances. In interactions with live animals, the behaviour of robots can be standardised, morphology and behaviour can be... Read More about Interactive robots in experimental biology.

Open-hardware e-puck Linux extension board for experimental swarm robotics research (2011)
Journal Article
Liu, W., & Winfield, A. F. (2011). Open-hardware e-puck Linux extension board for experimental swarm robotics research. Microprocessors and Microsystems, 35(1), 60-67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micpro.2010.08.002

In this paper we describe the implementation of a Linux extension board for the e-puck educational mobile robot, designed to enhance the computation, memory and networking performance of the robot at very low cost. The extension board is based on a 3... Read More about Open-hardware e-puck Linux extension board for experimental swarm robotics research.

Autonomous morphogenesis in self-assembling robots using IR-based sensing and local communications (2010)
Journal Article
Liu, W., & Winfield, A. F. (2010). Autonomous morphogenesis in self-assembling robots using IR-based sensing and local communications. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, 6234 LNCS, 107-118. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-15461-4_10

This paper presents a simple decentralised morphology control mechanism for a swarm of self-assembling robots. Each robot in the system is fully autonomous and controlled using a behaviour-based approach with only infrared-based local sensing and com... Read More about Autonomous morphogenesis in self-assembling robots using IR-based sensing and local communications.

Modeling and optimization of adaptive foraging in swarm robotic systems (2010)
Journal Article
Liu, W., & Winfield, A. F. (2010). Modeling and optimization of adaptive foraging in swarm robotic systems. International Journal of Robotics Research, 29(14), 1743-1760. https://doi.org/10.1177/0278364910375139

Understanding the effect of individual parameters on the collective performance of swarm robotic systems in order to design and optimize individual robot behaviors is a significant challenge. In this paper we present a macroscopic probabilistic model... Read More about Modeling and optimization of adaptive foraging in swarm robotic systems.

Modelling a wireless connected swarm of mobile robots (2008)
Journal Article
Winfield, A. F., Liu, W., Nembrini, J., & Martinoli, A. (2008). Modelling a wireless connected swarm of mobile robots. Swarm Intelligence, 2(2-4), 241-266. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11721-008-0018-0

It is a characteristic of swarm robotics that modelling the overall swarm behaviour in terms of the low-level behaviours of individual robots is very difficult. Yet if swarm robotics is to make the transition from the laboratory to real-world enginee... Read More about Modelling a wireless connected swarm of mobile robots.

Towards energy optimization: Emergent task allocation in a swarm of foraging robots (2007)
Journal Article
Lihua Dou, , Jin Sa, , Wenguo Liu, , Wenguo Liu, W., Winfield, A. F., Jin Sa, J., …Lihua Dou, L. (2007). Towards energy optimization: Emergent task allocation in a swarm of foraging robots. Adaptive Behavior, 15(3), 289-305. https://doi.org/10.1177/1059712307082088

This article presents a simple adaptation mechanism to automatically adjust the ratio of foragers to resters (division of labor) in a swarm of foraging robots and hence maximize the net energy income to the swarm. Three adaptation rules are introduce... Read More about Towards energy optimization: Emergent task allocation in a swarm of foraging robots.

A methodology for provably stable behaviour-based intelligent control (2006)
Journal Article
Harper, C. J., & Winfield, A. F. (2006). A methodology for provably stable behaviour-based intelligent control. Robotics and Autonomous Systems, 54(1), 52-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.robot.2005.09.014

This paper presents a design methodology for a class of behaviour-based control systems, arguing its potential for application to safety critical systems. We propose a formal basis for subsumption architecture design based on two extensions to Lyapun... Read More about A methodology for provably stable behaviour-based intelligent control.