Skip to main content

Research Repository

See what's under the surface


Designing Ethical Social Robots - A Longitudinal Field Study with Older Adults (2020)
Journal Article
Van Maris, A., Zook, N., Caleb-Solly, P., Studley, M., Winfield, A., & Dogramadzi, S. (in press). Designing Ethical Social Robots - A Longitudinal Field Study with Older Adults. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2020.00001

Emotional deception and emotional attachment are regarded as ethical concerns in human robot interaction. Considering these concerns is essential, particularly as little is known about longitudinal effects of interactions with social robots. We ran a... Read More about Designing Ethical Social Robots - A Longitudinal Field Study with Older Adults.

The ARE Robot Fabricator: How to (Re)produce Robots that Can Evolve in the Real World (2019)
Conference Proceeding
Li, W., Hale, M. F., Buchanan, E., Winfield, A. F., Timmis, J., Hart, E., …Tyrrell, A. M. (2019). The ARE Robot Fabricator: How to (Re)produce Robots that Can Evolve in the Real World. In H. Fellermann, J. Bacardit, A. Goni-Moreno, & R. Fuchslin (Eds.), The 2019 Conference on Artificial Life, (95-102). https://doi.org/10.1162/isal_a_00147

The long term vision of the Autonomous Robot Evolution (ARE) project is to create an ecosystem of both virtual and physical robots with evolving brains and bodies. One of the major challenges for such a vision is the need to construct many unique ind... Read More about The ARE Robot Fabricator: How to (Re)produce Robots that Can Evolve in the Real World.

Toward controllable morphogenesis in large robot swarms (2019)
Journal Article
Hauert, S., Carrillo-Zapata, D., Sharpe, J., Winfield, A. F. T., & Giuggioli, L. (2019). Toward controllable morphogenesis in large robot swarms. IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters, 4(4), 3386-3393. https://doi.org/10.1109/LRA.2019.2926961

Morphogenetic engineering aims to achieve functional, self-organized but controllable structures in human-designed systems. Controlling the structures is crucial if they are to be used for real-world applications. Building on previous work on morphog... Read More about Toward controllable morphogenesis in large robot swarms.

On the simulation (and energy costs) of human intelligence, the singularity and simulationism (2019)
Book Chapter
Winfield, A. F. T. (2019). On the simulation (and energy costs) of human intelligence, the singularity and simulationism. In A. Adamatzky, & V. Kendon (Eds.), From Astrophysics to Unconventional Computation, 397-407. Springer Nature Publishing AG. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-15792-0_16

For many the Holy Grail of robotics and AI is the creation of artificial persons: artefacts with equivalent general competencies as humans. Such artefacts would literally be simulations of humans. With the theme of simulation this essay reflects on b... Read More about On the simulation (and energy costs) of human intelligence, the singularity and simulationism.

Machine ethics: The design and governance of ethical AI and autonomous systems (2019)
Journal Article
Winfield, A. F., Michael, K., Pitt, J., & Evers, V. (2019). Machine ethics: The design and governance of ethical AI and autonomous systems. Proceedings of the IEEE, 107(3), 509-517. https://doi.org/10.1109/JPROC.2019.2900622

© 1963-2012 IEEE. The so-called fourth industrial revolution and its economic and societal implications are no longer solely an academic concern, but a matter for political as well as public debate. Characterized as the convergence of robotics, AI, a... Read More about Machine ethics: The design and governance of ethical AI and autonomous systems.

On proactive, transparent and verifiable ethical reasoning for robots (2019)
Journal Article
Bremner, P., Dennis, L. A., Fisher, M., & Winfield, A. F. (2019). On proactive, transparent and verifiable ethical reasoning for robots. Proceedings of the IEEE, 107(3), 541-561. https://doi.org/10.1109/JPROC.2019.2898267

Previous work on ethical machine reasoning has largely been theoretical, and where such systems have been implemented it has in general been only initial proofs of principle. Here we address the question of desirable attributes for such systems to im... Read More about On proactive, transparent and verifiable ethical reasoning for robots.

Ethical standards in Robotics and AI (2019)
Journal Article
Winfield, A. F. (2019). Ethical standards in Robotics and AI. Nature Electronics, 2(2), 46-48

A new generation of ethical standards in robotics and artificial intelligence is emerging as a direct response to a growing awareness of the ethical, legal and societal impact of the fields. But what exactly are these ethical standards and how do the... Read More about Ethical standards in Robotics and AI.

The Dark Side of Ethical Robots (2018)
Conference Proceeding
Vanderelst, D., & Winfield, A. (2018). The Dark Side of Ethical Robots. In Proceedings of the 2018 AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society - AIES '18, (317-322). https://doi.org/10.1145/3278721.3278726

© 2018 ACM. Concerns over the risks associated with advances in Artificial Intelligence have prompted calls for greater efforts toward robust and beneficial AI, including machine ethics. Recently, roboticists have responded by initiating the developm... Read More about The Dark Side of Ethical Robots.

Engineering Simulations as Scientific Instruments: A Pattern Language (2018)
Book
Stepney, S., Polack, F. A., Alden, K., Andrews, P., Bown, J., Droop, A., …Winfield, A. F. (2018). Engineering Simulations as Scientific Instruments: A Pattern Language. Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-01938-9

This book describes CoSMoS (Complex Systems Modelling and Simulation), a pattern-based approach to engineering trustworthy simulations that are both scientifically useful to the researcher and scientifically credible to third parties. This approach e... Read More about Engineering Simulations as Scientific Instruments: A Pattern Language.

Ethical governance is essential to building trust in robotics and artificial intelligence systems (2018)
Journal Article
Winfield, A. F., & Jirotka, M. (2018). Ethical governance is essential to building trust in robotics and artificial intelligence systems. Philosophical Transactions A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 376(2133), https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2018.0085

© 2018 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved. This paper explores the question of ethical governance for robotics and artificial intelligence (AI) systems. We outline a roadmap-which links a number of elements, including e... Read More about Ethical governance is essential to building trust in robotics and artificial intelligence systems.

Combining opinion pooling and evidential updating for multi-agent consensus (2018)
Presentation / Conference
Lee, C., Lawry, J., & Winfield, A. (2018, July). Combining opinion pooling and evidential updating for multi-agent consensus. Paper presented at Twenty-Seventh International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI-18)

The evidence available to a multi-agent system can take at least two distinct forms. There can be direct evidence from the environment resulting, for example, from sensor measurements or from running tests or experiments. In addition, agents also gai... Read More about Combining opinion pooling and evidential updating for multi-agent consensus.

Simulation-based internal models for safer robots (2018)
Journal Article
Blum, C., Winfield, A. F., & Hafner, V. V. (2018). Simulation-based internal models for safer robots. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 4(74), 1-17. https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2017.00074

In this paper we explore the potential of mobile robots with simulation-based internal models for safety in highly dynamic environments. We propose a robot with a simulation of itself, other dynamic actors and its environment, inside itself. Operatin... Read More about Simulation-based internal models for safer robots.

Mapping Intelligence: Requirements and Possibilities (2018)
Book Chapter
Bhatnagar, S., Alexandrova, A., Avin, S., Cave, S., Cheke, L., Crosby, M., …Hernández-Orallo, J. (2018). Mapping Intelligence: Requirements and Possibilities. In V. C. Müller (Ed.), Philosophy and Theory of Artificial Intelligence 2017 (PT-AI 2017), (117-135). Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-96448-5_13

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018. New types of artificial intelligence (AI), from cognitive assistants to social robots, are challenging meaningful comparison with other kinds of intelligence. How can such intelligent systems be catalogued, eval... Read More about Mapping Intelligence: Requirements and Possibilities.

Negative updating combined with opinion pooling in the best-of-n problem in swarm robotics (2018)
Journal Article
Lee, C., Lawry, J., & Winfield, A. F. (2018). Negative updating combined with opinion pooling in the best-of-n problem in swarm robotics. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, 11172 LNCS, 97-108. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-00533-7_8

© 2018, Springer Nature Switzerland AG. There is a need for effective collective decision making in decentralised multi-agent and robotic systems. This paper introduces a novel approach to the best-of-n decision problem with large n. It utilises nega... Read More about Negative updating combined with opinion pooling in the best-of-n problem in swarm robotics.

Feature and performance comparison of the V-REP, Gazebo and ARGoS robot simulators (2018)
Journal Article
Pitonakova, L., Giuliani, M., Pipe, A., & Winfield, A. (2018). Feature and performance comparison of the V-REP, Gazebo and ARGoS robot simulators. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, 10965 LNAI, 357-368. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-96728-8_30

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018. In this paper, the characteristics and performance of three open-source simulators for robotics, V-REP, Gazebo and ARGoS, are thoroughly analysed and compared. While they all allow... Read More about Feature and performance comparison of the V-REP, Gazebo and ARGoS robot simulators.

A two teraflop swarm (2018)
Journal Article
Jones, S., Studley, M., Hauert, S., & Winfield, A. F. (2018). A two teraflop swarm. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 5(FEB), https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2018.00011

© 2018 Jones, Studley, Hauert and Winfield. We introduce the Xpuck swarm, a research platform with an aggregate raw processing power in excess of two teraflops. The swarm uses 16 e-puck robots augmented with custom hardware that uses the substantial... Read More about A two teraflop swarm.

Experiments in artificial theory of mind: From safety to story-telling (2018)
Journal Article
Winfield, A. F. (2018). Experiments in artificial theory of mind: From safety to story-telling. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 5(JUN), https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2018.00075

© 2018 Winfield. Theory of mind is the term given by philosophers and psychologists for the ability to form a predictive model of self and others. In this paper we focus on synthetic models of theory of mind. We contend firstly that such models-espec... Read More about Experiments in artificial theory of mind: From safety to story-telling.

Anticipation in robotics (2018)
Book Chapter
Winfield, A. F., & Hafner, V. V. (2018). Anticipation in robotics. In R. Poli (Ed.), Handbook of Anticipation: Theoretical and Applied Aspects of the Use of Future in Decision MakingSpringer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31737-3_73-1

In this chapter, we introduce anticipatory robotic systems. We show how intelligent robots can anticipate the future, by outlining two broad approaches: the first shows how robots can use anticipation to learn how to control their own bodies and the... Read More about Anticipation in robotics.

An architecture for ethical robots inspired by the simulation theory of cognition (2017)
Journal Article
Winfield, A., & Vanderelst, D. (2018). An architecture for ethical robots inspired by the simulation theory of cognition. Cognitive Systems Research, 48, 56-66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogsys.2017.04.002

The expanding ability of robots to take unsupervised decisions renders it imperative that mechanisms are in place to guarantee the safety of their behaviour. Moreover, intelligent autonomous robots should be more than safe; arguably they should also... Read More about An architecture for ethical robots inspired by the simulation theory of cognition.

Standardizing Ethical Design for Artificial Intelligence and Autonomous Systems (2017)
Journal Article
Winfield, A., Bryson, J., & Winfield, A. F. (2017). Standardizing Ethical Design for Artificial Intelligence and Autonomous Systems. Computer, 50(5), 116-119. https://doi.org/10.1109/MC.2017.154

© 1970-2012 IEEE. AI is here now, available to anyone with access to digital technology and the Internet. But its consequences for our social order aren't well understood. How can we guide the way technology impacts society?