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The Dark Side of Ethical Robots (2018)
Conference Proceeding
Vanderelst, D., & Winfield, A. (2018). The Dark Side of Ethical Robots. In Proceedings of the 2018 AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society - AIES '18, (317-322). https://doi.org/10.1145/3278721.3278726

© 2018 ACM. Concerns over the risks associated with advances in Artificial Intelligence have prompted calls for greater efforts toward robust and beneficial AI, including machine ethics. Recently, roboticists have responded by initiating the developm... Read More about The Dark Side of Ethical Robots.

Engineering Simulations as Scientific Instruments: A Pattern Language (2018)
Book
Stepney, S., Polack, F. A., Alden, K., Andrews, P., Bown, J., Droop, A., …Winfield, A. F. (2018). Engineering Simulations as Scientific Instruments: A Pattern Language. Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-01938-9

This book describes CoSMoS (Complex Systems Modelling and Simulation), a pattern-based approach to engineering trustworthy simulations that are both scientifically useful to the researcher and scientifically credible to third parties. This approach e... Read More about Engineering Simulations as Scientific Instruments: A Pattern Language.

Ethical governance is essential to building trust in robotics and artificial intelligence systems (2018)
Journal Article
Winfield, A. F., & Jirotka, M. (2018). Ethical governance is essential to building trust in robotics and artificial intelligence systems. Philosophical Transactions A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 376(2133), https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2018.0085

© 2018 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved. This paper explores the question of ethical governance for robotics and artificial intelligence (AI) systems. We outline a roadmap-which links a number of elements, including e... Read More about Ethical governance is essential to building trust in robotics and artificial intelligence systems.

Ethical considerations of (contextually) affective robot behaviour (2018)
Conference Proceeding
Van Maris, A., Zook, N., Caleb-Solly, P., Studley, M., Winfield, A., & Dogramadzi, S. (2018). Ethical considerations of (contextually) affective robot behaviour. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Robot Ethics and Standards. https://doi.org/10.13180/icres.2018.20-21.08.002

The use of social robots can bring many benefits, but raises ethical concerns as well. One of these concerns, emotional deception, was investigated in this research. First, affective robot behaviour is validated, followed by a user study to investiga... Read More about Ethical considerations of (contextually) affective robot behaviour.

Combining opinion pooling and evidential updating for multi-agent consensus (2018)
Presentation / Conference
Lee, C., Lawry, J., & Winfield, A. (2018, July). Combining opinion pooling and evidential updating for multi-agent consensus. Paper presented at Twenty-Seventh International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI-18)

The evidence available to a multi-agent system can take at least two distinct forms. There can be direct evidence from the environment resulting, for example, from sensor measurements or from running tests or experiments. In addition, agents also gai... Read More about Combining opinion pooling and evidential updating for multi-agent consensus.

Simulation-based internal models for safer robots (2018)
Journal Article
Blum, C., Winfield, A. F., & Hafner, V. V. (2018). Simulation-based internal models for safer robots. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 4(74), 1-17. https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2017.00074

In this paper we explore the potential of mobile robots with simulation-based internal models for safety in highly dynamic environments. We propose a robot with a simulation of itself, other dynamic actors and its environment, inside itself. Operatin... Read More about Simulation-based internal models for safer robots.

Anticipation in robotics (2018)
Book Chapter
Winfield, A. F., & Hafner, V. V. (2018). Anticipation in robotics. In R. Poli (Ed.), Handbook of Anticipation: Theoretical and Applied Aspects of the Use of Future in Decision MakingSpringer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31737-3_73-1

In this chapter, we introduce anticipatory robotic systems. We show how intelligent robots can anticipate the future, by outlining two broad approaches: the first shows how robots can use anticipation to learn how to control their own bodies and the... Read More about Anticipation in robotics.

A two teraflop swarm (2018)
Journal Article
Jones, S., Studley, M., Hauert, S., & Winfield, A. F. (2018). A two teraflop swarm. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 5(FEB), https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2018.00011

© 2018 Jones, Studley, Hauert and Winfield. We introduce the Xpuck swarm, a research platform with an aggregate raw processing power in excess of two teraflops. The swarm uses 16 e-puck robots augmented with custom hardware that uses the substantial... Read More about A two teraflop swarm.

Experiments in artificial theory of mind: From safety to story-telling (2018)
Journal Article
Winfield, A. F. (2018). Experiments in artificial theory of mind: From safety to story-telling. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 5(JUN), https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2018.00075

© 2018 Winfield. Theory of mind is the term given by philosophers and psychologists for the ability to form a predictive model of self and others. In this paper we focus on synthetic models of theory of mind. We contend firstly that such models-espec... Read More about Experiments in artificial theory of mind: From safety to story-telling.

Feature and performance comparison of the V-REP, Gazebo and ARGoS robot simulators (2018)
Journal Article
Pitonakova, L., Giuliani, M., Pipe, A., & Winfield, A. (2018). Feature and performance comparison of the V-REP, Gazebo and ARGoS robot simulators. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, 10965 LNAI, 357-368. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-96728-8_30

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018. In this paper, the characteristics and performance of three open-source simulators for robotics, V-REP, Gazebo and ARGoS, are thoroughly analysed and compared. While they all allow... Read More about Feature and performance comparison of the V-REP, Gazebo and ARGoS robot simulators.

Mapping Intelligence: Requirements and Possibilities (2018)
Book Chapter
Bhatnagar, S., Alexandrova, A., Avin, S., Cave, S., Cheke, L., Crosby, M., …Hernández-Orallo, J. (2018). Mapping Intelligence: Requirements and Possibilities. In V. C. Müller (Ed.), Philosophy and Theory of Artificial Intelligence 2017 (PT-AI 2017), (117-135). Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-96448-5_13

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018. New types of artificial intelligence (AI), from cognitive assistants to social robots, are challenging meaningful comparison with other kinds of intelligence. How can such intelligent systems be catalogued, eval... Read More about Mapping Intelligence: Requirements and Possibilities.

Negative updating combined with opinion pooling in the best-of-n problem in swarm robotics (2018)
Journal Article
Lee, C., Lawry, J., & Winfield, A. F. (2018). Negative updating combined with opinion pooling in the best-of-n problem in swarm robotics. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, 11172 LNCS, 97-108. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-00533-7_8

© 2018, Springer Nature Switzerland AG. There is a need for effective collective decision making in decentralised multi-agent and robotic systems. This paper introduces a novel approach to the best-of-n decision problem with large n. It utilises nega... Read More about Negative updating combined with opinion pooling in the best-of-n problem in swarm robotics.