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Urine utilisation by microbial fuel cells; Energy fuel for the future

Ieropoulos, Ioannis; Greenman, John; Melhuish, Chris


John Greenman

Chris Melhuish
Professor of Robotics & Autonomous Systems


This communication reports for the first time the direct utilisation of urine in MFCs for the production of electricity. Different conversion efficiencies were recorded, depending on the amount treated. Elements such as N, P, K can be locked into new biomass, thus removed from solution, resulting in recycling without environmental pollution.


Ieropoulos, I., Greenman, J., & Melhuish, C. (2012). Urine utilisation by microbial fuel cells; Energy fuel for the future. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 14(1), 94-98.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 7, 2012
Journal Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Print ISSN 1463-9076
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 14
Issue 1
Pages 94-98
Keywords urine, energy, microbial fuel cells
Public URL
Publisher URL
Related Public URLs
Additional Information Additional Information : There is an embargo set by the Publisher for 12 months


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