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Urine utilisation by microbial fuel cells; Energy fuel for the future

Ieropoulos, Ioannis; Greenman, John; Melhuish, Chris


Chris Melhuish
AVC - Advanced Technologies & Professor of Robotics & Autonomous Systems


This communication reports for the first time the direct utilisation of urine in MFCs for the production of electricity. Different conversion efficiencies were recorded, depending on the amount treated. Elements such as N, P, K can be locked into new biomass, thus removed from solution, resulting in recycling without environmental pollution.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 7, 2012
Journal Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Print ISSN 1463-9076
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 14
Issue 1
Pages 94-98
APA6 Citation Ieropoulos, I., Greenman, J., & Melhuish, C. (2012). Urine utilisation by microbial fuel cells; Energy fuel for the future. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 14(1), 94-98.
Keywords urine, energy, microbial fuel cells
Publisher URL
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Additional Information Additional Information : There is an embargo set by the Publisher for 12 months


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