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Waste to real energy: The first MFC powered mobile phone

Ieropoulos, Ioannis A.; Ieropoulos, Ioannis; Ledezma, Pablo; Stinchcombe, Andrew; Papaharalabos, George; Melhuish, Chris; Greenman, John

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Ioannis A. Ieropoulos

Pablo Ledezma

Andrew Stinchcombe

George Papaharalabos

Chris Melhuish
Professor of Robotics & Autonomous Systems


This communication reports for the first time the charging of a commercially available mobile phone, using Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) fed with real neat urine. The membrane-less MFCs were made out of ceramic material and employed plain carbon based electrodes. This journal is © 2013 the Owner Societies.


Ieropoulos, I. A., Ieropoulos, I., Ledezma, P., Stinchcombe, A., Papaharalabos, G., Melhuish, C., & Greenman, J. (2013). Waste to real energy: The first MFC powered mobile phone. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 15(37), 15312-15316.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Oct 7, 2013
Publicly Available Date Feb 10, 2016
Journal Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Print ISSN 1463-9076
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 15
Issue 37
Pages 15312-15316
Keywords microbial fuel cells (MFCs), urine, electricity, mobile phone battery, charging
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EES_MFC mobile phone_180613.docx (3.8 Mb)

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