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Adolescent self-harm in the community: An update on prevalence using a self-report survey of adolescents aged 13-18 in England

Morey, Yvette; Mellon, Dominic; Dailami, Narges; Verne, Julia; Tapp, Alan

Authors

Yvette Morey Yvette2.Morey@uwe.ac.uk
AHOD in Marketing and Enterprise Prog Clust

Dominic Mellon

Julia Verne



Abstract

© The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Faculty of Public Health. All rights reserved. Background To establish an estimate of prevalence in a nationally representative sample of community adolescents. To examine associations between self-harm and wellbeing. Methods An anonymous self-report survey completed by 2000 adolescents aged 13-18 years across England.Wellbeing was measured using theWarwick-Edinburgh MentalWellbeing Scale (WEMWBS). Results In total 15.5% (n = 309) of participants reported ever having self-harmed (95% confidence intervals 13.9-17.1). The median age of onset was 13.0 years. Females aged 13-15 years reported the highest incidence of self-harm within the past year (54.9%). Cutting elsewhere (other than on the arms) was more prevalent amongst females (56.4%). The mean wellbeing score for the whole sample (45.6) was lower than the WEMWBS validation score (48.8). Self-harm was associated with a significantly lower wellbeing score, with mean scores of 38.7 (ever selfharmed) and 46.8 (never self-harmed). Conclusions Self-harm remains prevalent amongst adolescents aged 13-18 years in England. An awareness of the age of peak incidence and risks associated with preferred harming behaviours is crucial during assessment and intervention. The promotion of wellbeing is important for all young people. Further study is needed on the ways in which wellbeing may prevent, or ameliorate, the distress associated with self-harm.

Citation

Morey, Y., Mellon, D., Dailami, N., Verne, J., & Tapp, A. (2017). Adolescent self-harm in the community: An update on prevalence using a self-report survey of adolescents aged 13-18 in England. Journal of Public Health, 39(1), 58-64. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdw010

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 17, 2016
Publication Date Mar 1, 2017
Journal Journal of Public Health (United Kingdom)
Print ISSN 1741-3842
Electronic ISSN 1741-3850
Publisher Oxford University Press (OUP)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 39
Issue 1
Pages 58-64
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdw010
Keywords adolescent, self-harm, community, survey, England
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/921754
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdw010
Additional Information Additional Information : This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Public Health following peer review. The version of record Morey, Y., Mellon, D., Dailami, N., Verne, J. and Tapp, A. (2016) Adolescent self-harm in the community: An update on prevalence using a self-report survey of adolescents aged 13 to 18 in England. Journal of Public Health is available online at: http://jpubhealth.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2016/02/17/pubmed.fdw010.abstract

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