• Light rail (LRT) and Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems can increase passenger carrying capacity, increase use of public transport, and deliver land use strategies; e.g. regenerating former industrial areas, intensification around transport nodes or increased economic activity in central areas.
• Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) can meet similar objectives to LRT, but at a much lower cost. It can also be delivered in a much shorter timescale.
• Economic analysis is available for LRT and BRT schemes. For LRT they were more likely to be projections before scheme implementation, with positive Benefit-Cost-Ratios (BCRs) ranging from 2-3. However, no evidence was identified to validate these BCRs post-implementation so they must be treated with due caution.
• Post implementation analysis of BRT schemes produced positive BCRs ranging from 1-3.
• LRT and BRT have a positive effect on land values near stations, but can negatively affect values near routes.
• Urban Demand Responsive Transport (DRT) systems can be an effective means of providing transport to the ‘mobility poor’ at a lower cost than alternatives (such as subsidised single ride taxis). They will normally require subsidy however.
Clark, B. (2016). The EVIDENCE project: Measure no.13 - New public transport systems and networks. World Transport Policy and Practice, 22(1/2), 121-132