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A comparison between ecological momentary assessment and the adapted-quick drinking screen: Alcohol mixed with energy drinks

Johnson, Sean J.; Verster, Joris C.; Alford, Chris

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Authors

Sean J. Johnson

Joris C. Verster



Abstract

AIMS: To compare alcohol consumption and risk-taking behaviours on alcohol mixed with energy drink (AMED) and alcohol-only (AO) drinking occasions collected via ecological momentary assessment (EMA) versus retrospective survey methods (adapted-Quick Drinking Screen: a-QDS). METHODS: Completing participants were 52 university students who reported AMED consumption during the 30-day data collection period. Alcohol consumption and risk-taking behaviours were captured for recreational AMED and AO consumption occasions using a smartphone-based app across 30days. Data were aggregated for comparison with the a-QDS conducted at the end of data collection. RESULTS: Irrespective of data collection method, alcohol was consumed more frequently and at higher quantities on the heaviest drinking occasions when consumed alone compared with when it was mixed with energy drinks. Consistent with this finding, more risk-taking behaviours were experienced on AO occasions compared with AMED occasions. Compared with the a-QDS, the quantity of alcohol consumed on the average and heaviest drinking occasion was significantly higher when reported via EMA. This was consistent across both AO and AMED drinking occasions. CONCLUSION: EMA provides a more valid measure of consumption quantity compared with retrospective recall, which was susceptible to under-reporting, although this was not differentially affected across consumption occasions. In line with previous research, this study demonstrated that mixing alcohol with energy drinks does not increase alcohol consumption or risk-taking behaviours.

Citation

Johnson, S. J., Verster, J. C., & Alford, C. (2022). A comparison between ecological momentary assessment and the adapted-quick drinking screen: Alcohol mixed with energy drinks. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 57(5), 630-640. https://doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agab086

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 23, 2021
Online Publication Date Jan 17, 2022
Publication Date 2022-03
Deposit Date Feb 21, 2022
Publicly Available Date Mar 18, 2022
Journal Alcohol and alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire)
Print ISSN 0735-0414
Electronic ISSN 1464-3502
Publisher Oxford University Press (OUP)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 57
Issue 5
Pages 630-640
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agab086
Keywords General Medicine, Ecological Momentary Assessment, Adapted-Quick Drinking Screen, Alcohol, Energy Drinks
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/9047924
Publisher URL https://academic.oup.com/alcalc/
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