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Global research priorities for global violence prevention: A modified Delphi study

Mikton, Christopher; Tanaka, Masako; Tomlinson, Mark; Streiner, David; Tonmyr, Lil; Lee, Bandy; Fisher, Jane; Hegadoren, Kathy; Evans Pim, Joam; Wang, Shr-Jie Sharlenna; MacMillan, Harriet


Masako Tanaka

Mark Tomlinson

David Streiner

Lil Tonmyr

Bandy Lee

Jane Fisher

Kathy Hegadoren

Joam Evans Pim

Shr-Jie Sharlenna Wang

Harriet MacMillan


Objective: Despite progress, major gaps in violence prevention research remain. This study aims for the
first time to establish global research priorities for interpersonal violence prevention using a systematic

Methods: Global research priorities were identified in a three-round process. In Round 1, global experts in
violence prevention (N=95) generated research questions to be ranked in Round 2, which were collated and organized according to the four-step public health approach to prevention. In Round 2, experts (N=280) ranked priority among the four steps of the public health approach, as well as research priorities within each step. In Round 3, for the public health step identified as the highest priority in Round 2,experts (N=131) rated detailed research questions.

Findings: In Round 2, “developing and evaluating interventions” was identified as the top priority within
the public health approach for four of six types (child maltreatment, intimate partner violence, armed
violence, sexual violence) and “scaling up and evaluating the cost-effectiveness of interventions” was
ranked lowest for all types. In Round 3, in relation to “developing and evaluating interventions”, research
addressing parenting, and laws to regulate the use of firearms received the highest ratings. Key
limitations of the study were the response rates and attrition; these were however in line with other
similar priority setting exercises.

Conclusion: These findings suggest it is premature to be scaling up violence prevention interventions.
Developing and evaluating smaller scale interventions should be the funding priority.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2017
Journal Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Print ISSN 0042-9686
Publisher World Health Organization (WHO)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 95
Pages 36-48
APA6 Citation Mikton, C., Tanaka, M., Tomlinson, M., Streiner, D., Tonmyr, L., Lee, B., …MacMillan, H. (2017). Global research priorities for global violence prevention: A modified Delphi study. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 95, 36-48
Keywords global violence prevention, research priorities, delphi study
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