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Health and safety management practices of contractors in South East Asia: A multi country study of Cambodia, Vietnam, and Malaysia

Manu, Patrick; Mahamadu, Abdul Majeed; Phung, Van Manh; Nguyen, Thuan The; Ath, Chandavid; Heng, Abel Ying Teng; Kit, Soh Chuin


Abdul Mahamadu
Senior Lecturer in Project Management in the Built Environment

Van Manh Phung

Thuan The Nguyen

Chandavid Ath

Abel Ying Teng Heng

Soh Chuin Kit


© 2017 Elsevier Ltd The construction sector is notorious for accounting for numerous occupational deaths, injuries and illnesses in many countries. In emerging economies this situation could be direr, and health and safety (H&S) management by contractors is important to tackling this. This study investigated the H&S management practices of contractors in three South East Asian countries (Malaysia, Vietnam, and Cambodia) with the view to highlighting implementation issues. A questionnaire instrument containing 40 H&S management practices was administered to contractors in the three countries. Analysis of the data revealed that in each of the three countries there are at least seven practices that are not commonly implemented by contractors. Whilst the study further suggests this to be acute in Malaysia and Cambodia, it also elucidates that the apparent situation could be due to inter alia: a significantly greater proportion of the contractors in the Malaysia sample being micro size firms; and also the effect of two national occupational H&S programmes implemented in Vietnam from 2006 to 2015. Overall, the findings offer an opportunity for contractors and key industry stakeholders (e.g. state authorities) to reflect on their approach/initiatives to improving H&S management in construction. Further studies which could offer additional empirical realities are also suggested.


Manu, P., Mahamadu, A. M., Phung, V. M., Nguyen, T. T., Ath, C., Heng, A. Y. T., & Kit, S. C. (2018). Health and safety management practices of contractors in South East Asia: A multi country study of Cambodia, Vietnam, and Malaysia. Safety Science, 107, 188-201.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 14, 2017
Publication Date Aug 1, 2018
Journal Safety Science
Print ISSN 0925-7535
Electronic ISSN 1879-1042
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 107
Pages 188-201
Keywords Cambodia, construction, health and safety management, Malaysia, South East Asia, Vietnam
Public URL
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