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Barriers to the uptake of combined heat and power technology in the UK higher education sector

Amber, K. P.; Parkin, J.


K. P. Amber

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John Parkin
Professor in Transport Engineering


© 2013 Taylor & Francis. To achieve the carbon reduction targets set by the UK Higher Education Funding Council, universities in the UK are investigating a number of energy-efficient technologies including combined heat and power (CHP). However, the growth of the CHP technology in the higher education (HE) sector is slow and this may be because of barriers to implementation. Towards the end of 2011–2012, 59 of the 161 UK universities had installed CHP. The main objective of this study is to identify barriers which may be preventing the growth of CHP technology in the UK's HE sector. An online questionnaire was sent to the Energy Managers at all UK universities. The results reveal a range of barriers, with the most important being the following: lack of funds; site constraints; lack of incentives and lack of support from higher management.


Amber, K. P., & Parkin, J. (2015). Barriers to the uptake of combined heat and power technology in the UK higher education sector. International Journal of Sustainable Energy, 34(6), 406-416.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2015
Journal International Journal of Sustainable Energy
Print ISSN 1478-6451
Electronic ISSN 1478-646X
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 34
Issue 6
Pages 406-416
Keywords combined heat and power, higher education, energy management, facilities management
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Additional Information : This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Sustainable Energy on 20 November 2013, available online:


Amber and Parkin.docx (197 Kb)

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