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Airway management during cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Benger, Jonathan R.; Bernhard, Michael; Benger, Jonathan

Authors

Jonathan R. Benger

Michael Bernhard

Jonathan Benger



Abstract

© 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Purpose of review This article evaluates the latest scientific evidence regarding airway management during in-hospital and out-of-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Recent findings In the in-hospital setting, observational research suggested that the quality of CPR using 'no flow ratio' as a surrogate marker was improved when advanced airway techniques were used. A registry study demonstrated that an initial failed intubation attempt was associated with an average delay of 3min in time to return of spontaneous circulation. A prospective observational study showed that the Glide Scope videolaryngoscope was associated with a first-pass success rate of 93%, with no differences between less and more experienced physicians. In the out-of-hospital setting, a registry study suggested that intubation leads to a better outcome compared with supraglottic airway devices. However, no advanced airway devices showed a better outcome than basic airway techniques. An observational study reported that the i-gel supraglottic airway device offers a first-pass insertion success rate of 90%, and was easier to establish than the Portex Soft Seal laryngeal mask airway. Other out-of-hospital observational studies showed that the laryngeal tube offers a lower first-pass insertion success rate than expected, and complications of this device may influence later definitive airway management and the outcome as a whole. Summary Recent studies of airway management during CPR rely mostly on registry and observational designs. Prospective randomized trials are needed to determine the optimal approach to airway management during cardiac arrest, but have not yet been completed.

Citation

Bernhard, M., & Benger, J. (2015). Airway management during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Current Opinion in Critical Care, 21(3), 183-187. https://doi.org/10.1097/MCC.0000000000000201

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jun 1, 2015
Journal Current Opinion in Critical Care
Print ISSN 1070-5295
Publisher Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 21
Issue 3
Pages 183-187
DOI https://doi.org/10.1097/MCC.0000000000000201
Keywords airway management, cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/833354
Publisher URL http://journals.lww.com/co-criticalcare/Abstract/2015/06000/Airway_management_during_cardiopulmonary.3.aspx