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Global development and diffusion of outcome evaluation research for interpersonal and self-directed violence prevention from 2007 to 2013: A systematic review

Hughes, Karen; Bellis, Mark A.; Hardcastle, Katherine A.; Butchart, Alexander; Dahlberg, Linda L.; Mercy, James A.; Mikton, Christopher

Authors

Karen Hughes

Mark A. Bellis

Katherine A. Hardcastle kate.hardcastle@uwe.ac.uk

Alexander Butchart

Linda L. Dahlberg

James A. Mercy



Abstract

Through a global review, we identified gaps in the geographical distribution of violence prevention evidence outcome evaluation studies and the types of violence addressed. Systematic literature searches identified 355 articles published between 2007 and 2013 that evaluated programs to prevent interpersonal or self-directed violence; focused on universal or selected populations; and reported outcomes measuring violence or closely related risk factors. The number of studies identified increased annually from 2008 (n = 37), reaching 64 in 2013. Over half (n = 203) of all studies focused on youth violence yet only one on elder maltreatment. Study characteristics varied by year and violence type. Only 9.3% of all studies had been conducted in LMICs. These studies were less likely than those in high income countries (HICs) to have tested established interventions yet more likely to involve international collaboration. Evaluation studies successfully established in LMIC had often capitalized on other major regional priorities (e.g. HIV). Relationships between violence and social determinants, communicable and non-communicable diseases, and even economic prosperity should be explored as mechanisms to increase the global reach of violence prevention research. Results should inform future research strategies and provide a baseline for measuring progress in developing the violence prevention evidence-base, especially in LMICs.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2014
Journal Aggression and Violent Behavior
Print ISSN 1359-1789
Publisher Elsevier Masson
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 19
Issue 6
Pages 655-662
APA6 Citation Hughes, K., Bellis, M. A., Hardcastle, K. A., Butchart, A., Dahlberg, L. L., Mercy, J. A., & Mikton, C. (2014). Global development and diffusion of outcome evaluation research for interpersonal and self-directed violence prevention from 2007 to 2013: A systematic review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 19(6), 655-662. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2014.09.006
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2014.09.006
Keywords violence prevention, evaluation, evidence, global health
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2014.09.006

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