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Micro-porous layer (MPL)-based anode for microbial fuel cells

You, Jiseon; Santoro, Carlo; Greenman, John; Melhuish, Chris; Cristiani, Pierangela; Li, Baikun; Ieropoulos, Ioannis

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Jiseon You
Lecturer in Engineering/ Project Management

Carlo Santoro
Associate Professor in Bio-Energy

Chris Melhuish
Professor of Robotics & Autonomous Systems

Pierangela Cristiani

Baikun Li

Yannis Ieropoulos
Professor in Bioenergy & Director of B-B


© 2014 Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Two different anode materials, carbon veil (CV) and carbon cloth (CC), were modified with a micro-porous layer (MPL) in microbial fuel cells (MFCs). When the biofilm on the anodes matured, the maximum power output from the MPL modified carbon veil (CV20-MPL) and carbon cloth (CC-MPL) was 304.3 μW (60.7 mW/m2) and 253.9 μW (50.6 mW/m2), respectively. These were 2.2 and 1.8 times higher than the power output produced from the unmodified CV and CC, respectively. The 7-month operational tests indicated that the long-term stability of the MFCs was enhanced with the modified MPL anodes, which increased the anode surface roughness and provided higher surface area. Higher bacterial population was observed in the MFCs with the MPL anodes, which confirms the power generation results. This is the first time that the MPL has been used as an efficient anode material in MFCs.


You, J., Santoro, C., Greenman, J., Melhuish, C., Cristiani, P., Li, B., & Ieropoulos, I. (2014). Micro-porous layer (MPL)-based anode for microbial fuel cells. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 39(36), 21811-21818.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Dec 1, 2014
Deposit Date Sep 24, 2015
Publicly Available Date Feb 13, 2016
Journal International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Print ISSN 0360-3199
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 39
Issue 36
Pages 21811-21818
Keywords microbial fuel cells (MFCs), anode modification, micro-porous layer (MPL), energy from waste, urine
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