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The hedgehog inhibitor cyclopamine reduces β-catenin-Tcf transcriptional activity, induces E-cadherin expression, and reduces invasion in colorectal cancer cells

Qualtrough, David; Rees, Phil; Speight, Beverley; Williams, Ann. C.; Paraskeva, Christos

Authors

David Qualtrough David.Qualtrough@uwe.ac.uk
Senior Lecturer in Healthcare Science - Cellular

Phil Rees

Beverley Speight

Ann. C. Williams

Christos Paraskeva



Abstract

© 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Colorectal cancer is a major global health problem resulting in over 600,000 deaths world-wide every year with the majority of these due to metastatic disease. Wnt signalling, and more specifically β-catenin-related transcription, has been shown to drive both tumorigenesis and the metastatic process in colorectal neoplasia, yet its complex interactions with other key signalling pathways, such as hedgehog, remain to be elucidated. We have previously shown that the Hedgehog (HH) signalling pathway is active in cells from colorectal tumours, and that inhibition of the pathway with cyclopamine induces apoptosis. We now show that cyclopamine treatment reduces β-catenin related transcription in colorectal cancer cell lines, and that this effect can be reversed by addition of Sonic Hedgehog protein. We also show that cyclopamine concomitantly induces expression of the tumour suppressor and prognostic indicator E-cadherin. Consistent with a role for HH in regulating the invasive potential we show that cyclopamine reduces the expression of transcription factors (Slug, Snail and Twist) associated with the epithelial-mesenchymal transition and reduces the invasiveness of colorectal cancer cells in vitro. Taken together, these data show that pharmacological inhibition of the hedgehog pathway has therapeutic potential in the treatment of colorectal cancer.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Sep 17, 2015
Journal Cancers
Electronic ISSN 2072-6694
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 7
Issue 3
Pages 1885-1899
Institution Citation Qualtrough, D., Rees, P., Speight, B., Williams, A. C., & Paraskeva, C. (2015). The hedgehog inhibitor cyclopamine reduces β-catenin-Tcf transcriptional activity, induces E-cadherin expression, and reduces invasion in colorectal cancer cells. Cancers, 7(3), 1885-1899. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers7030867
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers7030867
Keywords colorectal cancer, Wnt signalling, hedgehog signalling, E-cadherin, cyclopamine, beta-catenin/Tcf, EMT, invasion
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers7030867

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