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‘Everybody’s Different: The Appearance Game’. A randomised controlled trial evaluating an appearance-related board game intervention with children aged 9-11 years

Jarman, H.; Guest, Ella; Hannah, Jarman; Sharratt, Nicholas; Williamson, Heidi; White, Paul; Harcourt, Diana; Slater, Amy

Authors

H. Jarman

Ella Guest Ella.Guest@uwe.ac.uk
Occasional Associate Lecturer - HAS HSS

Jarman Hannah

Heidi Williamson Heidi3.Williamson@uwe.ac.uk
Associate Professor in Applied Health Research

Paul White Paul.White@uwe.ac.uk
Associate Professor in Applied Statistics

Amy Slater Amy.Slater@uwe.ac.uk
Associate Professor in Centre for Appearance Research



Abstract

This study evaluated the effectiveness of an educational board game aimed at increasing knowledge of appearance-related issues, positive body image, media literacy, and acceptance of appearance diversity with British school children. Two hundred and fifty-nine children, aged 9-11 (Mage = 10.26), from three primary schools in South-West England participated in a two-arm matched cluster randomised controlled trial. Outcome measures were collected pre-, post- and at two-week follow- up. Knowledge of appearance-related issues significantly increased in the intervention group, compared to the control group post-intervention, but was not maintained at follow-up. There were no significant differences between groups for body appreciation, media literacy or acceptance of visible difference. Of the intervention arm, 78% (n=117) they would like to play again and 85.3% (n=128) thought other children would like to play. Qualitative data suggests participants learned the key messages of the game. The findings suggest ‘Everybody’s Different: The Appearance Game’ is an enjoyable way to increase knowledge of appearance-related issues. In future, researchers should consider how to increase body appreciation, media literacy and acceptance of appearance diversity, for example by increasing the dosage of the game or using it in conjunction with discussions and lessons surrounding appearance diversity and appearance-altering conditions.

Citation

Jarman, H., Guest, E., Hannah, J., Sharratt, N., Williamson, H., White, P., …Slater, A. (2021). ‘Everybody’s Different: The Appearance Game’. A randomised controlled trial evaluating an appearance-related board game intervention with children aged 9-11 years. Body Image, 36, 34-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.09.010

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 30, 2020
Online Publication Date Nov 5, 2020
Publication Date Mar 1, 2021
Deposit Date Nov 2, 2020
Publicly Available Date May 6, 2022
Journal Body Image
Print ISSN 1740-1445
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 36
Pages 34-44
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.09.010
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/6777531