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A biopsychosocial model of social media use and body image concerns, disordered eating, and muscle-building behaviors among adolescent girls and boys

Rodgers, Rachel F.; Slater, Amy; Gordon, Chloe S.; McLean, Siân A.; Jarman, Hannah K.; Paxton, Susan J.

Authors

Rachel F. Rodgers

Amy Slater Amy.Slater@uwe.ac.uk
Associate Professor in Centre for Appearance Research

Chloe S. Gordon

Siân A. McLean

Hannah K. Jarman

Susan J. Paxton



Abstract

Social media use is associated with body image concerns, disordered eating and body change behaviors in adolescents. This study aimed to examine these relationships within a biopsychosocial framework and test an integrated model. A sample of 681 adolescents (49% female), mean age = 12.76 years (SD = 0.74), completed a questionnaire assessing social media use, depression, self-esteem, body mass index, social media and muscular ideal internalization, appearance comparison, body dissatisfaction, disordered eating, and muscle-building behaviors. Path analysis was used to test the hypothetical model, which after modification revealed good fit to the data, although gender differences emerged. The findings suggest that biopsychosocial frameworks are useful for conceptualizing relationships between social media use and body image, eating, and muscle building outcomes.

Citation

Rodgers, R. F., Slater, A., Gordon, C. S., McLean, S. A., Jarman, H. K., & Paxton, S. J. (in press). A biopsychosocial model of social media use and body image concerns, disordered eating, and muscle-building behaviors among adolescent girls and boys. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-019-01190-0

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 17, 2019
Online Publication Date Jan 6, 2020
Deposit Date Jan 23, 2020
Publicly Available Date Jan 7, 2021
Journal Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Print ISSN 0047-2891
Electronic ISSN 1573-6601
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-019-01190-0
Keywords Biopsychosocial model, adolescents, gender, social media, body image, disordered eating, muscularity, negative affect, internalization
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/5208842
Publisher URL https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10964-019-01190-0

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