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Challenges of poor surface water drainage and wastewater management in refugee camps

Ajibade, O O; Tota-Maharaj, Kiran; Clarke, Brian


O O Ajibade

Kiran Tota-Maharaj

Brian Clarke


Since refugee camps are meant to be temporary and setting them up usually require urgency, little attention has been given to provision of surface water drainage and to a lesser extent wastewater management. As the population of refugees in these camps continues to grow, the effectiveness of drainage infrastructure continues to diminish. In addition, availability of sufficient safe drinking water and wastewater management have become difficult in the refugee camps across the world. The present situation in refugee camps across the world, such as flooding and outbreak of water-related diseases in South Sudan refugee camps, has made the need for sustainable approach to solving the problems to be very urgent. One sustainable way of solving the problems of flooding and outbreak of diseases in refugee camps is to provide effective drainage and wastewater infrastructure that ensures all the wastewater are properly collected, treated and reused for various purposes such as agriculture, drinking, laundry and other relevant uses. This paper therefore presents the current state of drainage and wastewater management in two refugee camps and propose low-cost technologies for stormwater management, wastewater collection, treatment and potential reuse, suitable for these refugee camps.


Ajibade, O. O., Tota-Maharaj, K., & Clarke, B. (2016). Challenges of poor surface water drainage and wastewater management in refugee camps. Environmental and Earth Sciences Research Journal, 3(4), 53-60.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 31, 2016
Online Publication Date Dec 31, 2016
Publication Date Dec 31, 2016
Deposit Date Aug 15, 2019
Publicly Available Date Aug 15, 2019
Journal Environmental and Earth Sciences Research Journal
Print ISSN 2369-5668
Electronic ISSN 2369-5676
Publisher International Information and Engineering Technology Association
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 3
Issue 4
Pages 53-60
Series ISSN 2369-5668
Keywords drainage, health, low-cost technologies, refugees, wastewater management
Public URL
Publisher URL


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