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Physiotherapy outcome measures of haemophilia acute bleed episodes: What matters to patients?

Cramp, Fiona; Bradshaw, Elizabeth; McClellan, Carey; Whybrow, Paul

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Fiona Cramp
Professor in Long Term Conditions

Elizabeth Bradshaw

Carey McClellan

Paul Whybrow


© 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd Introduction: The research was conducted at a UK teaching hospital and Haemophilia Comprehensive Care Centre (CCC) as part of a research programme investigating physiotherapy for acute bleed management. Aim: The aim of the study was to understand the perspectives of people with haemophilia (PWH) on validated outcome measures (OM) and whether these measures capture changes relevant to them whilst recovering from an acute bleed episode. Methods: Any person with haemophilia registered to the CCC who reported an acute bleed within the past 2years was invited to participate. Semi-structured interviews or workshops (activity-focused discussions with small groups) were conducted with PWH who had received physiotherapy treatment in the previous two years. These were used to explore opinions of PWH of commonly used outcome measures. Results: Eight male PWH participated, mean age 61years, ranging between 39 and 71. Seven participants had severe haemophilia A and 1 had von Willebrands. Participants described numerical rating scales of pain as abstract and expressed a preference for verbal or visual descriptors. In relation to function, the men generally found haemophilia-specific OM to be more relevant. The EuroQol 5-Dimension 5-Level (EQ5D-5L) and Haemophilia and Exercise Project Test Questionnaire (HEP-Test-Q) were considered as good measures due to brevity and ability to capture relevant changes promptly. Conclusion: Participants in this study reported a preference for short OMs that allow them to reference their ability during the acute bleed episode in comparison with their normal function.


Cramp, F., Bradshaw, E., McClellan, C., & Whybrow, P. (2019). Physiotherapy outcome measures of haemophilia acute bleed episodes: What matters to patients?. Haemophilia, 25(6), 1066-1072.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 5, 2019
Online Publication Date Sep 15, 2019
Publication Date 2019-11
Deposit Date Aug 23, 2019
Publicly Available Date Sep 16, 2020
Journal Haemophilia
Print ISSN 1351-8216
Electronic ISSN 1365-2516
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 25
Issue 6
Pages 1066-1072
Keywords acute bleeds; outcome measures; patient opinion; core outcomes
Public URL


HAE-00127-2019.R2 Proof Hi (565 Kb)

Copyright Statement
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: [FULL CITE], which has been published in final form at [Link to final article using the DOI]. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving

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