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Can labor emigration affect education of girls? Evidence from Tajikistan

Gatskova, Kseniia; Ivlevs, Artjoms; Dietz, Barbara


Kseniia Gatskova

Barbara Dietz


This study examines how large-scale, predominantly male emigration affects the education of girls staying in Tajikistan, the poorest post-Soviet state and one of the most remittance-dependent economies in the world. Using data from a three-wave household panel survey conducted in 2007, 2009, and 2011, this study finds that the net effect of migration on girls’ schooling turns from positive to negative with girls’ age. These results lend support to various conceptual channels through which the emigration of household members may affect girls’ education, including the relaxation of budget constraints, a change of the household head, and an increase in household work. At the practical level, the results imply that migration can be detrimental to women’s empowerment and cast doubt on whether emigration is an appropriate long-term development strategy for Tajikistan.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 3, 2019
Online Publication Date Jun 3, 2019
Publication Date Jul 1, 2019
Deposit Date Jun 14, 2019
Publicly Available Date Dec 4, 2020
Journal Feminist Economics
Print ISSN 1354-5701
Electronic ISSN 1466-4372
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 25
Issue 3
Pages 96-118
Keywords girls’ education, migration, remittances, female empowerment, Tajikistan
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Additional Information Additional Information : This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Feminist Economics on 3rd June 2019, available online:
Contract Date Jun 14, 2019


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