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Using 3D imaging to map bullet impacts in sandstone

Mol, Lisa; Gomez-Heras, Miguel; Brassey, Charlotte; Green, Owen; Blenkinsop, Thomas


Lisa Mol
Senior Lecturer in Physical Geography

Miguel Gomez-Heras

Charlotte Brassey

Owen Green

Thomas Blenkinsop


Bullet impacts on heritage surfaces are increasingly a concern for conservation scientists; the escalating conflicts in the Middle East are often in the news for the deliberate targeting of heritage sites. The full destruction of sites, using large-scale force such as dynamite, has dominated the headlines over the past year. However, impacts such as bullets and shrapnel add to the wider spectrum of damage sustained during conflict but are often overlooked. To understand the long-term consequences of this type of damage we need to increase our understanding of the alterations to the surface and underlying stone of building materials.
This poster presentation reports on the use of x-ray and simple 3D imaging to map damage sustained through bullet impacts. This information can then be used to map out pathways to long-term damage and advice remedial efforts.


Mol, L., Gomez-Heras, M., Brassey, C., Green, O., & Blenkinsop, T. (2016, June). Using 3D imaging to map bullet impacts in sandstone. Poster presented at SEAHA 2nd Annual Conference

Presentation Conference Type Poster
Conference Name SEAHA 2nd Annual Conference
Start Date Jun 20, 2016
End Date Jun 21, 2016
Acceptance Date May 27, 2016
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords weathering, conflict, heritage
Additional Information Title of Conference or Conference Proceedings : SEAHA 2nd Annual Conference


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