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Paradoxes of conservation and development in postsocialist Bulgaria: Recent controversies

Staddon, Caedmon; Cellarius, Barbara


Caedmon Staddon

Barbara Cellarius


Based on extensive primary research in the 1990s a number of contemporary Bulgarian environmental controversies are examined, which highlight some of the paradoxes of sustainable development in a postsocialist context. Water sector controversies such as the Djerman-Skakavitsa diversion project forest and national park and other protected area management controversies in the Rila and Pirin National Parks and the Rhodope mountains are sketched. Extension and creation of new protected areas presents both challenges and opportunities to local residents and conservation agencies alike but creative solutions are at least being considered within a framework of sustainable regional development. It is found that dependence on natural resource hinterlands for commodity and non-commodity uses provides for new, complex and contested regulation between stakeholders and the postsocialist state at a variety of scales from the local to the global, with nested though mutable, scale-dependent relations. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment.


Staddon, C., & Cellarius, B. (2002). Paradoxes of conservation and development in postsocialist Bulgaria: Recent controversies. European Environment, 12(2), 105-116.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date May 1, 2002
Journal European Environment
Print ISSN 0961-0405
Peer Reviewed Not Peer Reviewed
Volume 12
Issue 2
Pages 105-116
Keywords paradoxes, conservation, development, postsocialist, Bulgaria
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Additional Information : Equal co-author. Research was funded by ESRC/US National Science Foundation and developed from transdisciplinary collaboration between Staddon (geographer) and Cellarius (anthropologist). The article, commissioned by the journal editor, examines controversies in nature conservation and development in postcommunist Bulgaria by investigating the role of environmental NGOs in nature conservation.

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