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Understanding social exclusion and social inclusion

Kenyon, Susan


Susan Kenyon


This paper seeks to demonstrate the importance of a clear understanding of the concepts of social exclusion and social inclusion, not only for policy makers, but for all practitioners tasked with the implementation of strategies to reduce/increase each, respectively. Following a discussion of the two terms, the paper presents government transport policy as a case study, discussing the recent Social Exclusion Unit report, Making the Connections, and its likely outcomes for social exclusion. The paper highlights the dangers inherent in a strategy which seeks to increase mobility to decrease exclusion, suggesting that such a policy fails adequately to consider a holistic approach to social exclusion. The paper discusses the place of mobility in strategies to decrease social exclusion and provides practical suggestions to maximise the social benefits of such strategies.


Kenyon, S. (2003). Understanding social exclusion and social inclusion. Proceedings of the ICE - Municipal Engineer, 156(2), 97-104.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2003
Journal Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Municipal Engineer
Print ISSN 0965-0903
Publisher Thomas Telford
Peer Reviewed Not Peer Reviewed
Volume 156
Issue 2
Pages 97-104
Keywords infrastructure planning, transport planning, social impact, research and development
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