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Fermi acceleration in the randomized driven Lorentz gas and the Fermi-Ulam model

Constantoudis, V.; Karlis, A. K.; Papachristou, P. K.; Diakonos, F. K.; Schmelcher, P.


V. Constantoudis

A. K. Karlis

P. K. Papachristou

F. K. Diakonos

P. Schmelcher


Fermi acceleration of an ensemble of noninteracting particles evolving in a stochastic two-moving wall variant of the Fermi-Ulam model (FUM) and the phase randomized harmonically driven periodic Lorentz gas is investigated. As shown in, the static wall approximation, which ignores scatterer displacement upon collision, leads to a substantial underestimation of the mean energy gain per collision. In this paper, we clarify the mechanism leading to the increased acceleration. Furthermore, the recently introduced hopping wall approximation is generalized for application in the randomized driven Lorentz gas. Utilizing the hopping approximation the asymptotic probability distribution function of the particle velocity is derived. Moreover, it is shown that, for harmonic driving, scatterer displacement upon collision increases the acceleration in both the driven Lorentz gas and the FUM by the same amount. On the other hand, the investigation of a randomized FUM, comprising one fixed and one moving wall driven by a sawtooth force function, reveals that the presence of a particular asymmetry of the driving function leads to an increase of acceleration that is different from that gained when symmetrical force functions are considered, for all finite number of collisions. This fact helps open up the prospect of designing accelerator devices by combining driving laws with specific symmetries to acquire a desired acceleration behavior for the ensemble of particles. © 2007 The American Physical Society.


Constantoudis, V., Karlis, A. K., Papachristou, P. K., Diakonos, F. K., & Schmelcher, P. (2007). Fermi acceleration in the randomized driven Lorentz gas and the Fermi-Ulam model. Physical Review E, 76(1), 016214.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 23, 2007
Online Publication Date Jul 23, 2007
Publication Date Jul 23, 2007
Journal Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Print ISSN 2470-0045
Electronic ISSN 1550-2376
Publisher American Physical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 76
Issue 1
Pages 016214
Keywords fermi, acceleration, randomized, driven, Lorentz gas, Fermi-Ulam model
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