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In search of experience effects: How TSA officers differ from undergraduates on visual search tasks. (2012)
Presentation / Conference
Mitroff, S. R., Biggs, A. T., Cain, M. S., Darling, E. F., Clark, K., Adamo, S. H., & Dowd, E. W. (2012, November). In search of experience effects: How TSA officers differ from undergraduates on visual search tasks. Paper presented at Psychonomic Society, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States

Visual search is a routine activity that people perform countless times each day. Search is also crucial for certain professions (e.g., airport security, radiology), and here we examine how the extensive practice gained through these careers alters s... Read More about In search of experience effects: How TSA officers differ from undergraduates on visual search tasks..

Face symmetry assessment: Evidence for malleability and expertise (2012)
Presentation / Conference
Clark, K., Jackson, T. H., & Mitroff, S. R. (2012, November). Face symmetry assessment: Evidence for malleability and expertise. Poster presented at Object Perception, Attention, and Memory, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States

Evaluating symmetry is an important element of face processing and contributes to judgments about attractiveness, healthiness, and mate selection. Although general face processing in healthy adult humans is well studied, less is known about whether s... Read More about Face symmetry assessment: Evidence for malleability and expertise.

Cognitive and neural plasticity due to visual search training (2012)
Presentation / Conference
Appelbaum, L. G., Clark, K., Mitroff, S. R., & Woldorff, M. G. (2012, October). Cognitive and neural plasticity due to visual search training. Paper presented at Society for Neuroscience, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States

Successful visual search is the endpoint of a cascade of cognitive processes including sensory analysis, attentional orienting, target discrimination, and response generation. These processes are governed by underlying neural mechanisms that can be... Read More about Cognitive and neural plasticity due to visual search training.

“Africa talks climate”: Comparing audience understandings of climate change in ten African countries (2012)
Book Chapter
Godfrey, A., Burton, M., & LeRoux-Rutledge, E. (2012). “Africa talks climate”: Comparing audience understandings of climate change in ten African countries. In I. Volkmer (Ed.), The Handbook of Global Media Research (504-520). Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118255278.ch29

Summary This chapter contains sections titled: The Case of Africa Talks Climate Climate Change in Africa The Role of the Media Comparative Research: Challenges and Opportunities Why Compare? What to Compare? How to Compare? Common Framin... Read More about “Africa talks climate”: Comparing audience understandings of climate change in ten African countries.

Visual search at the airport: Testing TSA officers (2012)
Presentation / Conference
Mitroff, S. R., Biggs, A. T., Cain, M. S., Darling, E. F., Clark, K., Adamo, S. H., & Dowd, E. W. (2012, May). Visual search at the airport: Testing TSA officers. Paper presented at Vision Sciences Society, Naples, Florida, United States

A significant challenge for laboratory-based research is to adequately replicate conditions found in the real world. Likewise, a challenge for field-based research is to appropriately maintain the precision and control found within the laboratory. Th... Read More about Visual search at the airport: Testing TSA officers.

Neural correlates of learning during a visual search task (2012)
Presentation / Conference
Clark, K., Appelbaum, L. G., Mitroff, S. R., & Woldorff, M. G. (2012, May). Neural correlates of learning during a visual search task. Paper presented at Vision Sciences Society, Naples, Florida, United States

Performance on visual search tasks can be improved with training; however, the neural mechanisms underlying such improvement are not clear. For example, although response times (RTs) typically shorten with training, it is unclear which components of... Read More about Neural correlates of learning during a visual search task.

The anatomy of health resilience in older people (2012)
Presentation / Conference
Christopher, G., Gallacher, J., Mitchell, C., & Heslop, L. (2012, April). The anatomy of health resilience in older people. Poster presented at e-epi, Cardiff University, Wales

Poster

Towards the cybernetic mind (2012)
Journal Article
Serning, N. (2012). Towards the cybernetic mind. Existential Analysis, 23(1), 11-18

Humans naturally interface transparently with tools, thus extending through them. Advancing technology has finally produced tools that begin to match our capacities, integrating them more transparently with our minds. We move from tool users towards... Read More about Towards the cybernetic mind.

Cross-cultural differences in perception of time: Implications for multinational teams (2012)
Journal Article
Arman, G., & Adair, C. K. (2012). Cross-cultural differences in perception of time: Implications for multinational teams. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 21(5), 657-680. https://doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2012.662488

Members of multinational teams likely have different perspectives on a variety of factors stemming from their different cultural backgrounds. The use and perception of time is one of the specific cultural values that differ cross- culturally and may... Read More about Cross-cultural differences in perception of time: Implications for multinational teams.

Overcoming hurdles in translating visual search research between the lab and the field (2012)
Book Chapter
Cain, M. S., Clark, K., Adamo, S. H., & Mitroff, S. R. (2012). Overcoming hurdles in translating visual search research between the lab and the field. In M. D. Dodd, & J. H. Flowers (Eds.), The Influence of Attention, Learning, and Motivation on Visual Search (147-181). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-4794-8_7

Research in visual search can be vital to improving performance in careers such as radiology and airport security screening. In these applied, or "field," searches, accuracy is critical, and misses are potentially fatal; however, despite the importan... Read More about Overcoming hurdles in translating visual search research between the lab and the field.

A Bayesian Optimal Foraging Model of Human Visual Search (2012)
Journal Article
Cain, M. S., Vul, E., Clark, K., & Mitroff, S. R. (2012). A Bayesian Optimal Foraging Model of Human Visual Search. Psychological Science, 23(9), 1047-1054. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797612440460

Real-world visual searches often contain a variable and unknown number of targets. Such searches present difficult metacognitive challenges, as searchers must decide when to stop looking for additional targets, which results in high miss rates in mul... Read More about A Bayesian Optimal Foraging Model of Human Visual Search.