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The securitization of COVID-19 as a security norm: WHO norm entrepreneurship and norm cascading (2022)
Journal Article
Kaunert, C., Leonard, S., & Wertman, O. (2022). The securitization of COVID-19 as a security norm: WHO norm entrepreneurship and norm cascading. Social Sciences, 11(7), 266-285. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci11070266

In this article, we analyze the emergence of a global security norm of the COVID-19 epidemic as a threat to international security. This crisis is one of the gravest crises that humanity has experienced since the end of World War II in terms of the n... Read More about The securitization of COVID-19 as a security norm: WHO norm entrepreneurship and norm cascading.

The collective securitization of aviation in the European Union through association with terrorism (2021)
Journal Article
Kaunert, C., Callander, B., & Léonard, S. (2021). The collective securitization of aviation in the European Union through association with terrorism. Global Affairs, 7(5), 669-686. https://doi.org/10.1080/23340460.2021.2002099

This article analyses the expansion of European Union cooperation on aviation security using the framework of collective securitization. It establishes how 9/11 was a precipitating event that put terrorism and aviation security in the spotlight. 9/11... Read More about The collective securitization of aviation in the European Union through association with terrorism.

Refugee flows and terrorism in the European Union: Securitization through association (2021)
Journal Article
Léonard, S., & Kaunert, C. (2021). Refugee flows and terrorism in the European Union: Securitization through association. International Politics, https://doi.org/10.1057/s41311-021-00359-4

This article contributes to the debates on the securitization of asylum and migration in Europe by focussing on the securitization of asylum-seekers through their association with terrorism during the ‘refugee crisis’, which coincided with a ‘terrori... Read More about Refugee flows and terrorism in the European Union: Securitization through association.

De-centring the securitization of asylum and migration in the European Union: Securitization, vulnerability and the role of Turkey (2021)
Journal Article
Léonard, S., & Kaunert, C. (2022). De-centring the securitization of asylum and migration in the European Union: Securitization, vulnerability and the role of Turkey. Geopolitics, 27(3), 729-751. https://doi.org/10.1080/14650045.2021.1929183

This article contributes to the debates on de-centring the analysis of migration governance in Europe by focusing on the potential role of external actors in the securitisation of asylum and migration in the European Union (EU). Although there has be... Read More about De-centring the securitization of asylum and migration in the European Union: Securitization, vulnerability and the role of Turkey.